美環署網站「改版」 大量氣候變遷資料遭下架 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

美環署網站「改版」 大量氣候變遷資料遭下架

建立於 2017/05/04
摘譯自2017年4月30日ENS美國,華盛頓特區報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

4月29日,美國總統川普就任滿100天,吸引了20萬人走上街頭,發起華盛頓人民氣候遊行(Peoples Climate March),更有數千人自各地與海外串連支持。但就在前一天28日,美環保署網站「epa.gov」下架數十年累積下來的氣候科學資料。

官方說法是,環保署先前的工作已經「過時」,為了反映現任總統川普與環保署長普魯特的方針,「以確保大眾可以透過網站瞭解環保署目前的工作狀況。」

環保署在網站改版公告中表示:「改版依照環保署倫理依法進行,包含妥善的歸檔程序。例如,仍可從首頁連到前一任政府任內的網站快照。」這個網站快照是環保署網站2017年1月19日的狀態,但是其中連結的資料庫已經被川普政權更新過,許多連結無法使用。

被移除的資訊剛好都和環保署長普魯特的氣候科學否定論衝突。

火力發電廠。圖片來源:Zach Frailey(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

過去,美環保署網站刊載前總統歐巴馬的乾淨能源計畫,現在換成川普的能源獨立行政命令,欲重審乾淨能源計畫。

歐巴馬的乾淨能源計劃於2015年8月公布,若照計畫實施,以天然氣、風力、太陽能和其他乾淨能源取代煤和石油,可在2030年將能源產業碳排減少至比2005年水準低32%。此外,乾淨能源計畫根據全國統一的標準,為每個州設立能源組合目標。

普魯特上個月在媒體上表示「全球暖化」的確正在發生,但是主因並非燃燒化石燃料、伐林等人類活動。

「測量人類活動對氣候的影響是很困難的,影響程度高低存在極大爭議,所以我不同意這是全球暖化的主因。」普魯特說。

直到28日前,環保署氣候變遷網站都還引用數千位科學家自願提供給聯合國政府間氣候變化專門委員會(IPCC)的研究發現——人類活動是全球暖化的主因。

IPCC本身不從事第一手研究。它彙報過去七年間全世界的同儕審核氣候文獻。

IPCC最近一次報告發表於2014年11月,指出「人類活動對氣候系統的影響明確而且持續擴大,全球五大洲和海洋都能觀察到。許多1950年來觀察到的變化都是數十年甚至千年未曾見過的。IPCC現在95%確定人類是現今全球暖化的主因。」

Trump’s EPA Scrubs Website of Climate Facts
WASHINGTON, DC, April 30, 2017 (ENS)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Friday removed decades worth of climate science from its website, one day before 200,000 people came together for the Peoples Climate March in Washington, with thousands more marching in communities around America and the world.

“EPA.gov, the website for the United States Environmental Protection Agency, is undergoing changes that reflect the agency’s new direction under President Donald Trump and Administrator Scott Pruitt.

Calling the EPA’s previous work “out of date,” the agency said, “The process, which involves updating language to reflect the approach of new leadership, is intended to ensure that the public can use the website to understand the agency’s current efforts.”

The website that once detailed President Barack Obama’s Clean Power plan now brings up President Trump’s Executive Order on Energy Independence, which calls for a Trump administration review of the Clean Power Plan.

Obama’s Clean Power Plan, announced in August 2015, would have cut heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions from the power sector 32 percent below 2005 levels by 2030 by replacing coal and oil-fired energy generation with natural gas, wind, solar and other cleaner fuels. Based on uniform national standards, the plan set individual state goals based on each state’s current energy mix.

Details of the Clean Power Plan can be found on the Environment News Service website at. http://ens-newswire.com/2015/08/03/epa-sets-first-co2-standards-for-exis...

EPA says in its announcement of the changes, “The changes will comply with agency ethics and legal guidance, including the use of proper archiving procedures. For instance, a screenshot of the last administration’s website will remain available from the main page.”

That “screenshot” is at the foot of the EPA’s homepage under the label, “January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot.” The links are to databases that are being updated with Trump administration “facts.” Many links in this archived site will not work.

The information being eliminated conflicts directly with EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt’s denial of decades of climate science.

On CNBC last month Pruitt achnowledged that “global warming” is occurring but that that human activities such as burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests are not “a primary contributor.”

“measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do and there’s tremendous disagreement about the degree of impact, so no, I would not agree that it’s a primary contributor to the global warming that we see.”

Until Friday, the EPA’s climate change website cited findings to the contrary by the thousands of scientists who voluntarily contribute to the reports of the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, and many national academies of science.

The IPCC does no original research. Instead, it reports on peer-reviewed scientific climate literature published worldwide over the preceding seven years.

In its latest report, issued in November 2014, the IPCC states, “The Synthesis Report confirms that human influence on the climate system is clear and growing, with impacts observed across all continents and oceans. Many of the observed changes since the 1950s are unprecedented over decades to millennia. The IPCC is now 95 percent certain that humans are the main cause of current global warming.”

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance's planet.

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。