京都議定書2012到期 後續發展需凝聚新共識

   
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摘譯自2007年8月28日ENS奧地利,維也納報導;蔡秦怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

在場外的綠色和平抗議人士打扮成眼球(圖片來源:ENB)氣候變遷會談已於27日展開,吸引了1000位來自150國的政商工業界人士、環保團體與研究者前往維也納參與此一盛會。各界代表試圖在12月的國際氣候變遷高峰會之前,凝聚一種政治的共識。於印尼舉辦的氣候變遷高峰會,預將決定2012年京都議定書到期之後的後續發展。

聯合國氣候問題高級官員德布爾(Yvo de Boer)表示,「無論這個政治社群是否願意在峇里島的會議中,推動2012年後氣候變遷機制的全面性計畫,此次維也納氣候變遷會談,代表氣候變遷過程中測量氣溫的一項機會。」

京都議定書是目前為降低溫室氣體排放所建立的全球性的機制,然而並非所有主要溫室氣體排放國均簽署此議定書,例如美國、中國、印度、巴西、墨西哥與南非等,因此京都議定書僅被視為減緩溫室效應的初步階段。

維也納的會談討論關於聯合國近期的一份報告,報告以財務觀點審視未來25年氣候變遷的情況。報告並且建議全球溫度增加不得超過2°C,此觀點在科學家眼中,同樣認定也許能夠避免溫室效應所帶來的嚴重後果。

此財務報告並指出,到了2030年若要使溫室氣體排放降低至目前的狀態,則每年須額外支出2100億美元。

Building Consensus to Keep the Earth Cool After 2012
VIENNA, Austria, August 28, 2007 (ENS)

Climate change talks that opened Monday have drawn 1,000 people from over 150 governments, business and industry, environmental organizations and research institutions to Vienna. The delegates are seeking to build the political will to limit global warming ahead of an international climate summit set for December in Indonesia that will determine what happens after the Kyoto Protocol expires at the end of 2012.

"The Vienna Climate Change Talks present an opportunity to measure the temperature of the climate change process - whether or not the political community is willing to advance a comprehensive agenda on a future climate change regime post-2012 in Bali," said the top UN climate official, Yvo de Boer.
The Kyoto Protocol, the current global framework for reducing the emission of greenhouse gases responsible for global warming, is seen as merely a first step because does not include many major emitters such as the United States, China, India, Brazil, Mexico and South Africa.

Today, the Vienna meeting is discussing a new UN report that examines the financial aspects of climate change over the next 25 years. The report takes into account the need to limit global temperature rise to 2°C, the level at which scientists say the worst effects of global warming may be averted.

The financial report says that by 2030 additional investments of up to US$210 billion a year will be needed to return greenhouse gas emissions to the current level.

全文及圖片詳見 ENS

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