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聯合國:京都議定書減量目標達成有望

2006年02月21日
ENS德國,波昂報導;江昱均、蘇家億編譯;莫聞審校

UNFCCC代理主席Richard Kinley(圖片來源:www.iisd.ca)一位聯合國高級官員16日在京都議定書施行滿週年的慶祝會上表示,所有簽署國家都逐步邁向議定書規範的溫室氣體減量目標。議定書是在俄羅斯國會通過後的90天,也就是2005年2月16日開始正式生效。

聯合國氣候變化綱要公約祕書處設於德國波昂,秘書處代理主席克利(Richard Kinley)表示,受議定書規定的34個工業化國家以及歐盟,將能夠達到溫室氣體減排目標──至少是低於1990年排放量5%的水準。此目標必須在2008至2012年間,亦即第一承諾期間達到。

克利表示,在第一承諾期階段,這些國家中有許多「正逐步減少溫室氣體排放至低於1990年排放量3.5%的水準」,而如果再搭配其他措施以及京都議定書市場機制,這些國家一起將達到減排目標。

雖然對目前的進度感到滿意,克利仍呼籲其他已經批准議定書的工業化國家保持這股動力並投注更多心力,以迎接2012年須達第二階段法定減量目標的挑戰。

第12屆聯合國氣候變遷綱要公約(UNFCCC)締約國會議以及京都議定書第2次締約國大會將在2006年11月6日至17日舉行。雖然會議地點尚未決定,不過已經確定肯亞是這次大會地主國。加拿大將保持其主席國身分直到下一任主席國在11月選出為止。

全球保育組織世界自然基金會(WWF)表示,在議定書生效屆滿一週年之際,國際間石油價格上漲,這應是各國政府加強推動替代性乾淨能源的機會。WWF呼籲,風力、地熱、太陽能和生質能等新能源來源應當是全球努力的重心,同時也要盡最大可能提高能源使用效能。

今年夏天將在俄羅斯聖彼得堡舉行的G8高峰會議也將討論能源安全議題。各國政府預期將提出策略和獎勵方案,以推動改用乾淨能源並提升能源效能。

Kyoto Protocol Marks First Anniversary With Hope
BONN, Germany, February 16, 2006 (ENS)

Achievement of the Kyoto Protocol limits on greenhouse gas emissions are within reach of all the treaty's signatories, a senior United Nations official said today on the one year anniversary of the protocol's entry into force. The Kyoto Protocol took effect on February 16, 2005, 90 days after it was ratified by the Russian Parliament.

Richard Kinley, acting head of the UN Climate Change Secretariat in Bonn, said that the 34 industrialized countries and the European Union governed by the protocol can reach the targeted cut in greenhouse gas emissions by at least five percent below 1990 levels. This target must be met between 2008 and 2012, the protocol's first commitment period.

Many of these countries are "on their way to lower their emission levels by at least 3.5 percent below 1990 levels during the first commitment period," Kinley said. By using additional measures and Kyoto market-based mechanisms, he said they will reach their reduction targets as a group.

While expressing satisfaction at the progress to date, Kinley called on the dozens of industrialized nations that have ratified the protocol to sustain their momentum and intensify their efforts as they move toward the legally binding targets for cutting emissions by 2012.

The UNFCCC 12th Conference of Parties (COP) and the Kyoto Protocol COP 2 will take place from November 6-17, 2006. Kenya has offered to host these meetings, although the location is still to be confirmed. Canada will retain the presidency until a new president is elected in November.

WWF, the global conservation organization, said that as the protocol reaches its first anniversary, higher oil prices are a clear opportunity for governments to intensify moves towards cleaner energy alternatives. WWF urges that new energy sources such as wind, geothermal, solar and biomass should be at the center of a global effort, as well as pushing energy efficiency to the maximum.

The G8 Summit in St. Petersburg this summer will also discuss energy security. Governments are expected to contribute strategies and incentives to fuel the switch to clean energy and secure energy efficiency measures.