19日，歐巴馬採納跨部會海洋政策特別小組（ Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force）的建議，通過並頒佈這項行政命令。該工作隊從2009年6月就開始收集資料及草擬政策。
民間智庫皮優海洋委員會（Pew Oceans Commission）和美國海洋政策委員會（ U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy）在2003和2004年曾提出警告，聯邦機構間缺乏協調的不良管理方式，將會威脅到我們的海洋、海岸和五大湖的健康狀況與經濟生產。
President Barack Obama has established a national ocean policy that will for the first time create a coordinated system for managing America's oceans, coasts and Great Lakes.
In an Executive Order issued Monday, President Obama adopted the final recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force that has been gathering facts and drafting the policy since June 2009.
The order creates a National Ocean Council to implement the new policy.
Marine management under this policy will be "ecosystem-based," which means that regulation of specific activities, such as oil and gas development, will take into account impacts on thebroader ecosystems that could be affected.
For the first time, it provides for the development of coastal and marine spatial plans that build upon and improve existing federal, state, tribal, local, and regional decisionmaking and planning processes.
Marine spatial planning is intended to protect ocean ecosystems and minimize conflicts between new and existing ocean uses through science-based decision making and the involvement of stakeholders and the public.
In 2003 and 2004, reports issued by the Pew Oceans Commission and the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, respectively, warned that poor management and lack of coordination among federal agencies were threatening the health and economic productivity of our oceans, coasts, andGreat Lakes.
The National Ocean Council will plan to hold its first meeting later this summer to begin implementing the national policy.