諾貝爾委員會:氣候變遷威脅未來人類生命安全 | 環境資訊中心

諾貝爾委員會:氣候變遷威脅未來人類生命安全

2007年10月17日
摘譯自2007年10月12日ENS挪威,奧斯陸報導;楊佳珊編譯;蔡麗伶審校

美國前副總統高爾。圖片提供: CGI2007年諾貝爾和平獎得主揭曉,挪威諾貝爾委員會將這份獎項頒給聯合國跨政府氣候變遷專家小組(IPCC),及同樣為氣候變遷付出貢獻,致力於宣傳其環保意識的美國前副總統高爾。

挪威諾貝爾委員會表示,頒發給IPCC和高爾,是根據在保護未來全球氣候上,對過程和決策有敏銳專注的貢獻,而這已成為必要性,藉此得以降低對人類生命安全造成的威脅。

此外,該委員會不僅強調全球暖化對世界和平造成的威脅,並提出警訊表示,「在氣候變遷超出人為可控制的範圍前,我們必須立即採取行動。」

「大範圍的氣候變遷有可能改變並威脅到大部分人類的生存環境。另外,也有可能引發大規模的遷徙,抑或是地球資源的爭奪,」諾貝爾委員會表示,「諸如此類的改變將對世界落後國家造成無比沉重的負擔,像是暴力衝突,及各國內或各國之間戰亂所造成的危害,很可能會大幅攀升。」

Gore, UN Climate Body Share 2007 Nobel Peace Prize
OSLO, Norway, October 12, 2007 (ENS)

聯合國跨政府氣候變遷專家小組(IPCC) 主席 Dr. Rajendra Pachauri 。圖片提供: USCCSPThe Norwegian Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 to the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and Albert Arnold Gore Jr. "for their efforts to disseminate greater knowledge about climate change."

By awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to the IPCC and the former U.S. Vice President, the Norwegian Nobel Committee said it is "seeking to contribute to a sharper focus on the processes and decisions that appear to be necessary to protect the world's future climate, and thereby to reduce the threat to the security of mankind."

"Action is necessary now, before climate change moves beyond man's control," the Norwegian Nobel Committee warned, emphasizing the threat to world peace posed by global warming.

"Extensive climate changes may alter and threaten the living conditions of much of mankind. They may induce large-scale migration and lead to greater competition for the Earth's resources," the committee said. "Such changes will place particularly heavy burdens on the world's most vulnerable countries. There may be increased danger of violent conflicts and wars, within and between states."

全文及圖片詳見ENS