哥本哈根會議:商界領袖減排誠意遭質疑 | 環境資訊中心

哥本哈根會議:商界領袖減排誠意遭質疑

2009年05月29日
摘譯自2009年5月26日ENS丹麥,哥本哈根報導;張桂芳編譯;蔡麗伶審校

世界商界領袖本月26日齊聚哥本哈根,為將在12月地主國丹麥舉辦的聯合國氣候會議造勢,表示支持全球對氣候變化採取「野心勃勃和迅速的行動。」


世界商業首腦氣候變化會議與會者。圖片來源:根本哈跟氣候委員會

為期3天的世界商業首腦氣候變化會議(WBSCC)落幕之際,約700名來自世界各地的企業代表,提出建立一個新的全球氣候條約的訴求,制定2020年到2050年減排目標,控制全球平均上升氣溫最多不超過工業革命前氣溫的2個攝氏度。

與會的國際慈善機構樂施會(Oxfam International)用「令人失望」來形容會議聲明。樂施會國際總部主席赫伯(Jeremy Hobbs)說:「這次首腦會議從草案到公報内容相同,了無新意。讓人不禁懷疑全球商界、潘基文、高爾、前瞻性的企業等,在缺乏具體内容大會決議書的情況下,如何能大聲疾呼強調問題迫在眉睫、需各方積極配合實施相關政策承諾的重要性。」

北卡羅萊納州一燃煤發電廠效率全美第一。圖片來源:Massey Energy決議書中,商界領袖公開支持2007年政府間氣候變遷專家小組(IPCC)公佈的第四次評估結果。同時他們也對「最近的一些科學證據顯示,問題可能比許多IPCC的評估還要嚴重」表示關切。

普華國際財務顧問公司(PricewaterhouseCoopers)首席執行長小迪佩薩(DiPiazza Jr.)回應霍布斯的感受,認爲本次會議與會者太過沾沾自喜,缺乏對於12月即將舉行的哥本哈根談判行前和議後事宜實質性的討論。他說:「爲了實現2050年前減排量達到40%至50%的目標,我認為我們必須踏踏實實地列出具體細節、實施方法等等。」

霍布斯說:「商界領袖所提出的削減溫室氣排放量並不足以解決目前氣候變化造成的問題。「首腦會議的聲明僅僅是政界往正確方向靠攏的一小步,而不是更有魄力地邁出一大步。2050年前減排量必須達到至少80%才足以應急,他們卻只提出削減50%的目標。其中還提到截至2020年的中期削減目標,但卻沒有列出實際數字。認同支援貧困國家金融過渡的重要性,但仍然沒有透露任何數據,而我們一年至少需要500億美元。這些都是本次首腦會議應該處理的關鍵問題,但卻沒有。」

與會的環境和援助團體人士還包括:國際綠色和平組織(GPI)、世界自然基金會(WWF International)、樂施會、挪威的貝羅納基金會(Bellona Foundation)。

這是丹麥有史以來最大的政治會議,預期大部分聯合國的192個會員國,屆時將派出來自政府和民間社會共計多達15,000的代表與會。

Business Leaders' Climate Emissions Pledge Frustrates Many
COPENHAGEN, Denmark, May 26, 2009 (ENS)

World business leaders gathered in Copenhagen today threw their support behind "ambitious and effective" global action on climate change at the UN climate conference that Denmark will host in December.

At the conclusion of the three-day World Business Summit on Climate Change, some 700 delegates from businesses around the world called for a new global climate treaty that sets targets for emissions reductions by 2020 and 2050 that limit the global average rise in temperature to a maximum of two degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels.

But the aid agency Oxfam International, which attended the Summit, called the declaration "disappointing." Oxfam Executive Director Jeremy Hobbs said, "The Summit's communique is unchanged from the draft that was written at the start of the meeting. It's a mystery how such influential and passionate voices could demand more urgency and specific commitments from the global business community ?from Ban Ki-Moon, to Al Gore, to progressive businesses ?only to be ignored in the final statement.

" In that final statement, business leaders declared their support for the scientific evidence in the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued in 2007. They expressed concern "that some recent scientific evidence suggests the problem may be worse than many of the IPCC estimates."

Samuel DiPiazza Jr., CEO of PricewaterhouseCoopers, recognized the frustration of participants such as Hobbs, saying the danger at this summit is too much self-congratulation among participants and not enough realistic discussion of what needs to be done before the Copenhagen negotiations in December and what needs to be done later. "I think we have to get down to the specifics," he said. "If we say we want to reduce emissions by 2050 by 40 to 50 percent, what will that take?

"Oxfam's Hobbs said the business leaders did not call for greenhouse gas emissions cuts that are deep enough to meet the scale of the climate change problem. "The Summit's statement is only a tiny step in pushing for the right political recipe when it could have been a giant stride. It asked for 50 percent global cuts by 2050 when we need at least 80 percent. It mentioned mid-term cuts by 2020 ?but gave no number, we need at least 40 percent in developed counties. It mentioned the importance of adaptation finance to poor countries ?but again no number, we need at least $50 billion a year," Hobbs said. "These are all deal-breaking issues that this Summit should have tackled but did not."

Environmental and aid groups attending include: Greenpeace International, WWF International, Oxfam, and the Bellona Foundation from Norway.

The largest political conference ever held in Denmark, participants are expected from most of the 192 countries represented in the United Nations, both from governments and from civil society. All together, up to 15,000 official representatives are expected to participate.