發展不走回頭路 歐盟助非洲建設再生能源 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

發展不走回頭路 歐盟助非洲建設再生能源

2014年09月25日
摘譯自2014年9月22日ENS比利時,布魯塞爾報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

歐盟執委會主席José Manuel Barroso 23日將在紐約與佛得角、科特迪瓦、利比亞、多哥和盧安達等非洲5國簽訂再生能源的共同協議,目標是提升非洲再生能源發電的普及性,特別是需求最急迫的偏遠地區。

盧安達人們正在架設太陽能板。(來源:Solar Electric Light Fund (SELF)。)

為了讓這個目標能拓展至全球,歐盟將於2014至2020財務年度規劃總價值超過33億歐元的資源,資助全球的再生能源計畫,其中20億元將用於非洲。

歐盟─非洲協議其中一項重要目標是和私人企業合作,改善投資和資助狀況,進而增加再生資源的普及性,或是發電的永續性、可靠度和效率。

歐盟執委會在一份聲明中表示,將運用貸款和股權投資,創造150億至300億歐元的金融槓桿,補足能源基礎建設、電力事業、學校、家庭和醫院的缺口。

透過雙邊和區域合作,歐盟總共會發出33億歐元的再生能源資金給全球合作國家。目前已有約30個開發中國家將能源列為2014到2020年間和歐盟合作的重點。即便未將能源列為合作重點,其他國家也會收到可觀的能源資金。

歐盟已經在非洲各地著手進行再生能源計畫,包括在歐盟非洲基礎建設信託基金的架構下,資助圖爾卡納湖風力發電廠計畫2千5百萬歐元;在肯亞興建310兆瓦的風力發電廠,開啟總值6億2千5百萬歐元的投資。此外,這個計畫將減少肯亞對進口能源的依賴,解決乾季水力發電供電不穩的問題,改善能源安全和偏遠地區的經濟。

歐盟非洲協議的延伸目標,是在太平洋地區建立合作夥伴。歐盟已經和紐西蘭展開合作,進行太平洋地區的具體資助計畫,例如建造發電量小於1兆瓦的新水力發電廠,預計可造福太平洋島國福薩摩亞188,000居民。

EU Funds Sustainable Energy: First in Africa, Next, the World
BRUSSELS, Belgium, September 22, 2014 (ENS)

European Commission President José Manuel Barroso will tomorrow co-sign joint declarations in New York to reinforce energy cooperation with five African countries: Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Togo and Rwanda.

These agreements will aim to increase access to sustainable energy sources, even in rural areas where the needs are the greatest.

In order to achieve this also on a global scale, the EU plans to allocate more than 3.3 billion euro worth of grants in the 2014-2020 financial period to support sustainable energy projects all over the world.

Around two billion euro will be dedicated to African countries.

A key goal of the EU-Africa agreements is to engage with the private sector to improve the conditions for investment and funding, thereby increasing access to sustainable energy or the production of sustainable, reliable and cost-effective electricity.

For the period 2014-2020 about 30 developing countries have chosen energy as a focal sector for their cooperation with the European Union.

Other countries will also receive substantial allocations in the field of energy, even where this has not been defined as a focal sector. In total, around €3.3 billion will be dedicated to supporting sustainable energy in the EU’s partner countries around the globe, through bilateral and regional cooperation.

This is expected to leverage between €15 and €30 billion in loans and equity investment to fill gaps in energy infrastructure and power businesses, schools, homes and hospitals, the European Commission said in a statement.

Already the EU is working toward renewable energy projects across Africa. The EU supports the Lake Turkana Wind Power project with €25 million under the EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund. This will result in the construction of a 310 MW wind farm in Kenya and unlock a total investment cost of €625 million.

The project will reduce Kenya’s import dependency and season-sensitive hydropower production, increase energy security and improve economic activities in remote areas.

An EU funded €2 million project in Liberia, implemented by Save the Children, installs solar panels in all public health facilities that have no electricity to provide light and power radios. The project will reach around 1.5 million beneficiaries, mainly women and children in rural areas in a country of 3.5 million people.

Building alliances in the Pacific is an extension of the EU’s Africa plan.

The EU and New Zealand have created a partnership that supports concrete projects in the Pacific, such as a new hydropower plant with a capacity of less than 1 MW that has a positive impact on the lives of 188,000 people in Samoa.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS