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英國人浪費能源 居歐洲榜首

2006年10月26日
ENS英國,倫敦報導;林盈秀、蔡秦怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

67%英國人燒開水時在水壺裡放超過需要的水量根據一項以5,000名歐洲人所做的能源使用習慣調查顯示,英國人能源浪費的情形居歐洲之冠。英國節能信託基金會(Energy Saving Trust)於23日發表的研究報告發現,德國人最能有效率地使用能源,其次為西班牙人,英國人則是浪費能源的榜首。

英國節約能源基金會專為消費者提供能源效率諮詢的獨立團體,該會主席塞爾伍德(Philip Sellwood)表示:「英國節約能源基金會預估,除非我們克制浪費能源的習慣,否則到2010年將可能造成110億英鎊的浪費及產生約4300萬公噸的二氧化碳,相當於每年700萬個家庭所釋放的二氧化碳。」

英國「地球之友」(Friends of the Earth)分析另一份報告中針對政府能源使用數據表示,英國的二氧化碳排放量在2006年前半年逐步上升,如今達到自工黨1997年執政以來的最高點。數據顯示使用石油及煤的用量增加,雖然瓦斯的使用量減少了,但是整體的能源消耗量是增加的。

英國節約能源基金會的《終生習慣:歐洲能源使用報導》,檢視12種最常見的消費者浪費能源的習慣。報告指出英國民眾一長串的浪費習性,而民眾已經對這些壞習慣感到罪惡。有86%接受調查的英國民眾對於浪費能源感到罪惡;76%承認習慣性地讓電器處於待機狀態;67%燒開水時在水壺裡放超過需要的水量;65%讓電器插頭始終插在插座上;63%讓沒有人使用的房間也開著燈。

根據報告,義大利人最浪費燃料,塞車時他們忘記熄火平均每週2.5次,相較之下德國人每週少於1次。相反的,可以方便搭乘其他交通工具的情況下,法國人每週只會開自己車2次,英國人和義大利人則是每週3次。法國人天冷時穿上毛衣的時候比打開電暖器的時候多,只有16%的民眾至少一週使用一次電暖器。

報告指出,英國人解釋他們使用能源沒有效率最大的原因是懶散,有42%的民眾勾選懶散為輕忽能源態度的重大理由之一。

塞爾伍德鼓勵英國民眾以實際行動減輕浪費能源的罪惡感。他說:「就算沒有讀過這篇報告,你可以做一件簡單的事情,來改變能源的使用習慣,加入我們的節約運動,承諾減少你的每日能源使用量20%。」

閱讀報告全文,請前往http://www.est.org.uk

Brits Most Guilty of Energy Wasting Habits
LONDON, UK, October 23, 2006 (ENS)

Brits are the most wasteful people in Europe, according to a survey of the energy habits of 5,000 Europeans. A report today by the UK's Energy Saving Trust found Germans are the most efficient in their energy use, followed by the Spanish, but Brits top the European Energy Wasters' league.

"The Energy Saving Trust predicts that by 2010, unless we curb our energy wasting habits we could have wasted £11 billion (US$20.6 billion) and around 43 million tonnes of carbon dioxide," said Philip Sellwood, chief executive of the Energy Saving Trust, an independent consumer advisory body on energy efficiency. "This is equivalent to the annual carbon dioxide emissions of seven million homes."

UK carbon dioxide emissions rose in the first half of 2006, and are now at their highest level since Labour came to power in 1997, Friends of the Earth UK said today after analyzing the latest government energy figures in a separate report. The figures show that use of oil and coal increased, while gas use decreased - but the overall picture was that total energy consumption rose.

The Energy Saving Trust's "Habits of a Lifetime: European Energy Usage Report" looked at 12 of the most common energy wasting habits among consumers.

The report discovered a litany of wasteful habits among British people yet a high degree of guilt about the problem. While 86 percent of British people surveyed said they feel guilty about wasting energy, 76 percent admitted habitually leaving appliances on standby; 67 percent boil more water than needed in the kettle; 65 percent leave electrical appliances plugged in; and 63 percent leave lights on in unoccupied rooms.

Italians are most wasteful with fuel, according to the report, as they forget to turn their car engines off when in heavy traffic 2.5 times a week, compared to less than once a week in Germany.

By contrast, the French jump in their car just twice a week when they could easily use a different form of transport, compared to three times a week in Britain and Italy. The French are most likely to don a sweater rather than turning up the thermostat, with just 16 percent of people reaching for the thermostat at least once a week.

The report found that laziness topped the list for Brits as an explanation for their inefficient energy habits, with 42 percent citing it as one of the main reasons for their careless attitude towards energy.

Sellwood is urging British people to assuage their guilt by actually doing something about wasting energy. "Without reading this report, there is one simple thing you can do to help change your energy habits," said Sellwood. "Join our campaign and commit to saving 20 percent of the energy you use every day."