減排溫室氣體 歐盟加入甲烷市場化伙伴計畫 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

減排溫室氣體 歐盟加入甲烷市場化伙伴計畫

2007年10月01日
摘譯自2007年9月25日ENS美國,華府報導;蔡秦怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

新技術使用可加速從動物廢棄物內補集甲烷。(照片提供: Holloman Environmental)歐盟執委會9月25日加入美國等20個國家共同減少溫室氣體甲烷排放的行列,共同研發甲烷收集再利用的方式,並推廣以甲烷為燃料源。

甲烷為天然氣的主要成分,佔所有人類活動所排放之溫室氣體總量的16%。作為溫室氣體的一種,甲烷把太陽熱能保留在地表的能力,是二氧化碳的20倍之譜;然而若能將垃圾掩埋場、煤礦場與動物養殖所產生的甲烷收集起來,甲烷便成為乾淨燃料。

「甲烷市場化伙伴計畫」為一官方與民間的合作計畫,啟動於2004年11月,主要目標在減少四大甲烷排放源的排放──即動物糞尿處理、煤礦場、垃圾掩埋場與天然氣/石油系統的甲烷排放。

歐盟執委會能源執委皮耶巴爾格斯(Andris Piebalgs)表示,「歐盟執委會期待在甲烷市場化伙伴計畫的框架下與各國進行合作,藉助歐盟現有捕集甲烷的能力與技術,進而促進我們減緩氣候變遷的共同目標。」

European Commission Joins Methane to Markets Partnership
WASHINGTON, DC, Deptember 25, 2007 (ENS)

An international partnership to reduce emissions of the greenhouse gas methane expanded today as the European Commission joined the United States and 19 other countries in finding ways to promote the recovery of methane and its use for energy.

The primary component of natural gas, methane accounts for 16 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions resulting from human activities. As a greenhouse gas, methane is over 20 times more potent than carbon dioxide in trapping the Sun's heat close to the planet. But when recovered from landfills, coal mines, or animal feeding operations, methane can become a clean-burning fuel.

The Methane to Markets Partnership was launched in November 2004 as a public-private partnership focusing on reducing four sources of methane emissions - animal waste management, coal mines, landfills, and oil and gas systems.

European Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs said, "The European Commission looks forward to collaborating within the Methane to Markets Partnership to further our joint goals of reducing climate change by utilizing the EU’s existing capacities in methane capture and use technologies."

全文及圖片詳見ENS