研究的共同作者、愛荷華大學病理學家華勒斯（Robert Wallace）表示：「直至目前，指出雙酚A會致病的資料仍太少，但這項報告顯示，尿液中高濃度的雙酚A（bisphenol A）與兩種嚴重疾病──心血管與糖尿病，有所關連。」
代表化工業的美國化學協會(American Chemistry Council)指出，這份報告是以統計分析方式，使得近來接觸雙酚A者尿中的雙酚A濃度與心血管、糖尿疾病有所關連。
For the first time, scientists have linked higher concentrations of the chemical bisphenol A in human urine with diagnoses of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
Bisphenol A is widely used in epoxy resins lining food and beverage containers and in hard plastic baby bottles and drinking water bottles. Evidence of adverse health effects in animals exposed to low doses of the chemical has generated concern over low-level chronic exposures in humans.
"Up until now, there has been very little data linking BPA with human disease," said co-authored in part by Robert Wallace, M.D., University of Iowa professor of epidemiology. "This study finds a correlation between people with higher urinary BPA levels and two serious diseases - cardiovascular disease and diabetes."
"This is an association, not a causal finding, but it requires further study," Wallace said. "Most regulators may say that long-term, low-level exposure to BPA isn't harmful, and they may be right, but there is enough evidence here to suggest more research needs to be done."
At the meeting, FDA scientist Laura Tarantino repeated the agency's long-standing position that exposure to the chemical is safe.
"A margin of safety exists that is adequate to protect consumers, including infants and children, at the current levels of exposure," she told the meeting.
The American Chemistry Council, which represents the chemical industry, says the new study is a statistical analysis that attempts to correlate urinary concentrations of bisphenol A, which reflect very recent exposure, with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes.
The council argues that the onset and development of these diseases occurred over time periods well before the bisphenol A exposure measurements were made.
"Because of this and other inherent limitations, the study is not capable of establishing a cause and effect relationship between bisphenol A and these health effects," the council said, adding that more research is needed.