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永續校園成績單 校園越環保排名越高

2008年10月03日
摘譯自2008年9月29日ENS美國,麻州,康橋報導;謝芳怡編譯;莫聞審校

永續校園卑詩大學一景。攝影:George Draskóy美國大學校園和捐款投資在今年更加環保,根據最新公佈的2009年永續校園成績單來看,300所校園中有2/3的成績較2007年進步。

24日由永續捐贈機構所公佈的2009年永續校園成績單,針對美國和加拿大擁有最多捐款的300所學校進行評估,總計捐款金額將近4千億美元。

永續捐贈機構是設立於康橋的非營利性組織,由洛克菲勒慈善基金顧問委員會所贊助,其主要的工作是針對美國和加拿大300所大學專校的永續行動進行調查。

評級的標準主要是透過9個主要項目、43項指標的成效來進行評估,在評級和成績單公佈之前,每個學校會先收到各自的得分表以便驗證。

最高等級為「A」,僅有15所學校達到標準,並符合永續校園領袖的資格。

相較之下,所有接受評級的學校平級分數為「C+」,而超過75%的大學院校,永續評級落在「B」和「C」。

例如華盛頓大學在9項評分項目中有6項取得A級,包括行政、氣候變化和能源、食物和回收、綠色建築、運輸和投資重點。

卑詩大學則是加拿大則是唯一獲得此殊榮的學校。

為了維護申請入學學生的權益,「綠色成績單」網站為高中生提供了一份完整永續校園的選擇工具。

由普林斯頓商學院評估報告針對10,300名大學入學申請人所做的民調顯示,63%的受訪者表示校園對於環保方面所做出的承諾,會影響他們的決定。

「綠色成績單」的網路使用者也能透過設定不同的篩選標準,建立一份各校的比較清單,包括運動社團、地理位置和校園永續成績。

Report Card: The Greener the College, the Higher the Grade
CAMBRIDGE, Massachusetts, September 29, 2008 (ENS)

College and university campuses and endowment investments are getting greener by the year. The newly released College Sustainability Report Card 2009 shows that two-thirds of the 300 schools scored have improved their grades over 2007.

Issued Wednesday by the Sustainable Endowments Institute, the College Sustainability Report Card 2009 evaluates the schools with the 300 largest endowments in the United States and Canada with a combined total of nearly $400 billion.

The Sustainability Endowments Institute is a nonprofit organization based in Cambridge and funded by the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors. It surveyed 300 universities and colleges in the U.S. and Canada on their sustainability activities.

Grades were determined by assessing performance across 43 indicators in nine main categories. Each school received a copy of its profile for fact checking before grades were determined and the report card was published.

With "A-" as the highest overall grade earned, only 15 schools reached that level and qualified as College Sustainability Leaders.

By contrast, the average grade for all schools surveyed came to "C+," with more than 75 percent of colleges and universities earning sustainability grades in the "B" and "C" range.

The UW received a grade of A in six of the nine categories - administration, climate change and energy, food and recycling, green building, transportation and investment priorities.

In Canada, the University of British Columbia was the only school to earn the distinction.

Responding to interest from students applying to college, the GreenReportCard.org provides the first comprehensive college sustainability selection tool for high school students.

Sixty-three percent of 10,300 college applicants recently polled by the Princeton Review said that a college's commitment to the environment could affect their decision.

GreenReportCard.org users will be able to create side-by-side comparisons of schools, using a broad range of criteria, including athletic league, geographic region, and report card grade.

全文及圖片詳見:ENS