高文侯案審訊過程中，起訴書指稱他是個貪得無厭且工於心計的斂財份子，刻意討好前總統泰勒，意圖為他的公司－皇家伐木公司（Royal Timber）和東方伐木公司（Oriental Timber Corporation）取得特權以便擴張商業利益，檢察官指控他走私武器進入賴比瑞亞給前總統泰勒的民兵部隊。
The trial of Guus Kouwenhoven, a Dutch businessman accused of trading weapons for lucrative timber concessions in war-torn Liberia, officially closed in The Hague last week, pending a verdict from judges. In a high-ceilinged courtroom overlooked by a large portrait of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, the three judges have spent the last five weeks hearing detailed evidence about the 14-year civil war that wracked Liberia, leaving some 250,000 people dead.
Kouwenhoven is accused under Dutch law of war committing war crimes and violating the United Nations arms embargo that was in place against Liberia in 2001-03.
His so-called "blood timber" trade is said to have provided weapons for militias loyal to former Liberian president Charles Taylor, who fought his way to power and presided over years of conflict. In return, Kouwenhoven allegedly received logging concessions.
During the Kouwenhoven trial, the prosecution painted him as a money-grubbing wheeler-dealer who cosied up to Charles Taylor to advance his business interests. In exchange for privileges for his companies – the Royal Timber Company and Oriental Timber Corporation - prosecutors say he smuggled weapons into Liberia for Taylor's militias.
There were many testimonies from people who said that, while employed by Kouwenhoven's timber companies, they went to the front lines to fight as members of militias. They told horrific tales of crimes they had committed such as rape, decapitation, and burning people alive in their huts.
To support their claim that he was a war profiteer, prosecutors pointed to the fact that he moved his business activities to Brazzaville after the fall of Taylor in 2003. "He is not a businessman who was in the wrong place at the wrong time but a man whose affairs flourished in an environment of corruption, failing government and armed conflict," they said.
Throughout his trial, Kouwenhoven insisted he was innocent. He told the judges he did not hear much about the bloody civil war while it was going on around him in the 1990s, and was only aware in a general sense that atrocities were sometimes committed. Defense lawyer Inez Weski tried to cast her client as someone who had been "crushed between the different forces working to remove the regime of Charles Taylor."