保護雨林 挪威情色行動派的激情演出 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

保護雨林 挪威情色行動派的激情演出

2005年04月13日
作者:麗莎‧哈利斯(波士頓自由作家);譯者:賴宥丞;審校:葉春良

警告:文中有些不當字眼──不過這是不得不的做法,畢竟那是本文所討論的主題。呃…其中還有一些限制級網址連結,上班時最好不要去逛。所以,小子們一邊去,玩你的皮卡丘遊戲吧。至於其他人,我想我已經警告過你了。

約略1000千年前,一位自由意志主義的思想家戈黛娃夫人(Lady Godiva),曾為了抗議加註她丈夫身上的高稅而全裸騎馬穿過科芬特里的街頭。 1000年後,西方世界拜倒在啟蒙思想、自由戀愛、解放女性、第三波女權主義、還有珍妮‧傑克森的於電視轉播露奶之下。雖是如此,為了正義扒下衣物還是一樣的受爭議。

你有多「愛」雨林?

你有多「愛」雨林(照片提供:美國國家大氣研究中心)追隨戈黛蛙夫人腳步的人總是不怕少。在2004年的美國共和黨全民大會上裸身的抗議者就掀起了一翻風浪──有全身只漆了標語的「抗議行動組織」成員,也有只穿了寫著「揭露布希」內褲的「夏娃之軸」成員,他們都是利用暴露身體來做為抗議方法。全球裸體反戰大團結也時常以裸女(有時是裸男)排列「和平」或是「投票」的方式抗議。為了讓伐木工人砍伐古紅杉時分心,抗議人士多娜‧尼托(Dona Nieto)甚至在伐木工作業時即興裸身讀詩。至於反皮草組織,大家也都知道他們寧可不穿衣服也不要穿動物皮草。

但是如果我們有打算頒發全年最爭議裸身積極份子獎的話,無庸置疑的是要頒給挪威的非營利「為森林做愛」(Fuck for Forest)組織。

21歲的喬納森(Leona Johansson)和28歲的艾林森(Tommy Hol Ellingsen),算是新生代環保份子,或更好的說法是新生代色情影星吧。利用他們架設的付費色情網站,他們正在為拯救雨林來募款。他們也堅決不會讓其他環保人士阻擋他們的這樣的募款方式。

自從喬納森和艾林森去年冬天開啟了這個網站(利用挪威政府所提供的種子基金),「為森林做愛」已經在歐洲的環保群體間留下了許多負面的印象。2004 年7月這個團體更是在挪威克里斯蒂安桑的克爾特戶外音樂祭驚人的演出後結交了更多的朋友,同時也樹敵無數。

他們兩位在Cumshots(射精)樂團演奏時衝上了舞台,艾林森並對台下幾千名觀眾大喊:「你願意對拯救世界做多少?」之後兩位便在觀眾面前盡其所能的做了10分鐘之久。

艾林森與喬納森因此被拘捕並各罰約1400美元。目前他們正在等待出庭日,同時他們也聲明了他們寧可坐牢也不願意繳納罰款。

他們為什麼敢「做」

公開性行為與拯救世界似乎沒有很大的關連(畢竟它似乎並沒有為人口控制傳達最佳訊息)。不過參考一下這個訊息:據美國國家研究委員會的調查顯示,2005前每年每個線上色情行業都可以賺到至少50億到70億美元。這大約是世界上所有環保加動物保育團體去年在美國募到的所有款項總額。艾林森認為利用色情行業賺錢將會幫助環保團體獲得更大的財源。

雖然在綠色運動中像「為森林做愛」類利用色情的團體是一個很獨特的例子,但在其他活動中,慈善色情團體早有極佳的成果。例如說一個名叫ALSScan.com的團體去年就已將收入中的10%(約為78,346美元)捐給了幫助童年癌症及肌肉萎縮症方面的基金會。

據艾林森說,「為森林做愛」自開站尚未一年時間已募到超過5萬美元(除去必需花費後)。他說:「我覺得我們有很大的潛力。」

雖然克爾特事件帶 給了這個團體更洗不清的惡名甚至法律問題,這個事件卻同時為他們的網站引來更大的人潮。從這對年輕人受矚目的拘捕算起,這個網站已經多吸收了超過1000名的新會員。用一個會員15美元來算。艾林森預估克爾特事件後已有約40,000美元可以被捐出。

亞斯平國際菁英組織非營利及慈善組的負責人艾倫‧艾柏翰指出姑且不管大家對他們的作法的評論,這都是一筆很可觀的數字。 「我認為這是一個不錯的方法」他說:「非營利組織有很多不同的開始方法。如果他們有一個有錢的捐贈者,這些非營利組織可以有百萬元的基金作為基礎。其他的非營利可能就必須在極為節約的狀況下存活幾十年。很難說對作法有沒有一個標準,不過這聽起來是一筆很可觀的數字。」

上吧!上吧!上網去!

喬納森(左)及艾林森(照片提供:為森林做愛)其他一些環保團體因為怕「為森林做愛」的情色行動主義會砸了自家的招牌,都不太願意跟他們攪和在一道。世界自然基金會的荷蘭分會原本預計要接受「為森林做愛」所提供的15,000美元捐款,也因為那一次的克爾特事件而取消了。

「我們不想跟這種行業扯上關係」世界自然基金會發言人琪絲‧維哈根提到:「我們是荷蘭最大的非政府組織,並擁有約100萬名荷蘭人的支持。我想他們不會同意我們與這種團體接觸與接收受資助。如果我們跟他們扯上了關係我們必須面對失去支持者的信心和更大損失的可能性。」

挪威雨林基金會對於是否接受「為森林做愛」的捐款的態度也極為保留。雖然他們已經公開批評這個團體的作風,但私底下他們卻與艾林森和喬納森接觸並願意在不曝光的狀況下接受他們的捐款。

「我無法了解這樣做如何會幫助雨林」挪威雨林基金會主席萊爾斯‧羅福德在喬納森和艾林森被捕不久之後向挪威第二電視台Nettavisen反應。「基本上我們接受捐款,但是當這個錢的來源是非法的活動或是可能汙辱到雨林及我們基金會時我們必須拒絕。目前就是這個狀況。」

艾林森的說法卻不一樣。「羅福德很直接了當的向我們說『我們要你們的錢,可是我們不想讓它變成眾人皆知的事實』。我覺得這實在是很幼稚。」

艾林森也觀察到主流環保組織會因為一些政治因素不願意與像「為森林做愛」這類的團體扯上任何關係:我們活在一個公開性愛反而比生態毀滅更具爭議性的世界中。

「這個社會的價值觀已經完全顛倒過來了。在挪威我們有一個ㄧ天到晚推崇戰爭的總理,但他同時卻把性愛當成壞事。」艾林森說:「任何可以幫助自然的事情都是好的。」

雖然最近他們的組織到處不斷碰釘子,艾林森仍然有信心這些錢不久後便會有人願意接收。

「許多環保團體組織都極力撇清關係,其中也包括較為激進派的。我想問題應該是在挪威本身。」他說:「已經有一些美國和巴西的團體和我們連絡過了。」

例如,詹美斯‧卡西歐就認為「為森林做愛」就是現在這個世界所需要的。卡西歐是環境科技部落格網站WorldChanging.com的管理者,同時也兼當線上情趣用品店河豚(Blowfish)的評等家。自視為「自由工作者推手」的卡西歐,非常欣場將性愛與行動抗爭合而為一的想法感。

卡西歐在一封電子郵件中提到:「那些『為森林做愛』團體裡的年輕人才是我心中真正的行動份子,挪威雨林基金會等挪威的環保團體不願意收他們的錢,我感到很遺憾;我們應該要接受募款與行動抗爭的新方法,而年輕人(尤其是在歐洲)對於性表達的接受度也都比那些主流環保團體內的綠色老古板們還要高。」

艾柏翰也不了解這件事情到底爭議在哪裡。「我覺得非營利組織就是應該要用多元化的方法來應對社會議題。」

色情業的孩子

「做」件好事。(照片提供:為森林做愛)身為一個無政府嘻皮團體,「為森林做愛」網站給人的質感比較像是義大利時裝品牌Lola Granola,而比較不像是美國成人電影女星Jenna Jameson。這裡先聲明:廣藿香熱愛者的顧客群會覺得「為森林做愛」網站會員費15美元很值得花,不過那些喜歡在網路上尋找鹹濕畫面的網友們可能對這個網站性趣缺缺。

網站的首頁顯現出繪圖軟體處理過的迷幻風格,其中有裸女、發亮的巨大陰莖、以及擷取色情電影畫面組成的三角形資源回收標誌。在一段影片預覽檔案中,美艷、一頭亂髮的喬納森進行各種性愛姿勢並ㄧ邊宣揚著團體所做過的善事。她說:「我越這樣做,雨林就越多錢。」

付了月費之後,你便能進入會員專區去觀看各種荒淫的表演:從用玉米棒的新調情方法,到歐洲嬉皮女郎在宜家家具裡拉上衣等的斯堪的那維亞特景奇觀都有。

少了一般色情片中常見的假髮、假胸部、和挑逗的音樂,「為森林做愛」絕對不是你以往所看典型的色情網站。(「其實我不太看色情刊物。我對自己做愛比看別人做愛更有興趣。」:艾林森說。)

「商業化的色情行業讓性愛變成了全為了錢。你可以看的出來他們在拍片子時並沒有很享受。」他說道:「做這種事情的時候應該要有一點自我嘲弄和趣味啊!」

雖然為森林做愛缺少了那些亮麗的製作包裝,但是他們用真誠的生活情趣補回了這項不足。

「這兩位(還有許多瑞典還德國的朋友)充滿活力、熱情、反社會規矩的年輕人讓人覺得當一個20多歲的小伙子是一件非常過癮的事情。」卡西歐寫道:「從為多分一杯羹而做愛這方面來說,他們其實算是很吸引人的。」

Norwegian Wood Porn activists go all the way to save the rainforest
BY LISSA HARRIS

Warning: The following article contains naughty words -- but we can't help it, as they're the whole subject of the story. It also contains links to websites that are, as they say, "not safe for work." So all you kids, go play Pokemon or whatever it is you do these days. The rest of you, consider yourselves warned.

It's been nearly a thousand years since Lady Godiva, the original libertarian libertine, went on her famous naked horseback ride through the streets of Coventry to protest high taxes imposed by her husband.

How much do you love the rainforest?

Since then, the West has been subjected to the Enlightenment, free love, bra burning, Third Wave feminism, and Janet Jackson's nipple. And yet, it seems, getting naked for a good cause is just as scandalous as it ever was.

There is no shortage of naked activists willing to carry on the legacy of Lady Godiva. Nude and partially nude protesters shocked this year's Republican National Convention, from ACT UP supporters clad only in painted slogans to Axis of Eve members in "Expose Bush" panties. The California-based ensemble calling itself Baring Witness holds protests in which naked women (and sometimes men) arrange themselves to form words like "PEACE" and "VOTE." Activist Dona Nieto holds impromptu strip poetry readings for logging crews, in the hopes of distracting them from the task of chopping down old-growth redwoods. And everybody knows the folks at PETA would rather go naked than wear fur.

But the award for Scandalous Naked Activists of the Year, if there were one, would have to go to the Norwegian nonprofit organization Fuck for Forest.

Leona Johansson, 21, and Tommy Hol Ellingsen, 28, are a new breed of environmentalists -- or perhaps a new breed of porn stars. With their paid-subscription website, they are raising cash to save the rainforest, one money shot at a time. And they're determined not to let their fellow environmentalists stand in their way.

Since this past winter, when Johansson and Ellingsen started the site (with seed money from the Norwegian government), Fuck for Forest has gained considerable notoriety in the European environmental community. In July, the group won both friends and enemies around the world after making a special appearance at Quart, an outdoor music festival in Kristiansand, Norway.

The couple climbed onstage during the performance of a band called (what else?) the Cumshots. "How far are you willing to go to save the world?" said Ellingsen, who then proceeded to go all the way for about 10 minutes in front of an audience of several thousand.

That stunt got Ellingsen and Johansson arrested and slapped with fines of about $1,400 each. They face a to-be-determined court date, and say they will serve jail time rather than pay the fines.

Why Don't We Do It in the Roadless?

The link between having public sex and saving the planet may seem tenuous at best. (After all, it's probably not sending the best message about population control.) But consider this: According to a report by the U.S. National Research Council, the online porn industry could rake in between $5 billion and $7 billion per year by 2005. That's about as much as all environmental and animal-welfare groups, combined, raised last year in the U.S. Cashing in on the porn money machine could be a windfall for environmental groups -- or so Ellingsen believes.

While Fuck for Forest is apparently unique in the green movement, the porn-for-charity model already boasts some successes. For example, a site called ALSScan.com (the ALS stands for "All Ladies Shaved") claims to have raised $78,346 last year for children's cancer and muscular dystrophy funds, by donating 10 percent of sales.

Ellingsen reports that Fuck for Forest has raised more than $50,000 in cold, hard U.S. dollars since its launch less than a year ago, even after paying for necessities like server space and internet billing services. "We have a lot of potential," he said.

The stunt at Quart, despite gaining them considerable notoriety and a little legal trouble, appears to have been a net gain for Fuck for Forest. Since the couple's highly publicized arrest, the site has attracted more than 1,000 new members -- at $15 per member per month. Ellingsen estimates that nearly $40,000 of the money they have raised so far was donated following Quart and the attendant media hype.

Whatever one may think of their morals, that's pretty savvy fund raising, said Alan Abramson, director of the Nonprofit Sector and Philanthropy Program at the Aspen Institute. "I think that's pretty good," he said. "Nonprofits start in so many different ways. If they had one wealthy donor, they could start with millions. Others operate on a shoestring for decades. It's hard to say if there's a norm. But it sounds like a decent amount of money."

Network It, Network It

Other enviro groups have been reluctant to get in bed (so to speak) with Fuck for Forest, fearing that the group's brand of activism could tarnish their reputations. Wereld Natuur Fonds, the Dutch branch of the World Wildlife Fund, initially seemed receptive to Fuck for Forest's offer of about $15,000. But after Quart, the organization backed off.

"We do not want to be associated in any way with this type of industry," said Kees Verhagen, a spokesperson for WNF. "We are one of the biggest NGOs [in Holland], with the support of about 1 million Dutch people. I think they will protest if we support groups like this. We could lose credibility with our members, and also with the stakeholders we have to deal with every day."

The Rainforest Foundation Norway has also equivocated on whether to accept money from Fuck for Forest, publicly decrying the group's activities while indicating in private meetings with Ellingsen and Johansson that it would be willing to accept a hefty donation -- so long as it was kept quiet.

"I can not see that this helps the work for the rainforest," Lars Løvold, head of the Rainforest Foundation Norway, told the Norwegian TV station 2 Nettavisen shortly after the couple's arrest at Quart. "Generally speaking, we accept donations, but if the money is coming from illegal activity, from someone who abuse[s] the rainforest or wish[es] to abuse our name, we say, 'No thank you.' This may be the case here."

Ellingsen tells the story differently. "[Løvold] said straight to our face, 'We want your money, but we don't want to make a big thing of it,'" he said. "I think that's pretty childish."

Ellingsen also sees a certain irony in mainstream environmental organizations' reluctance, for political reasons, to associate themselves with groups like Fuck for Forest: We live in a world where public sex is considered far more controversial than wholesale ecological destruction.

"Society is so upside-down. In Norway, we have this prime minister talking about war and defending it, and at the same time putting sex down as something bad," he said. "Any kind of action to help nature is good."

Despite the chilly reception his organization has gotten in some quarters, Ellingsen isn't worried that the money will go homeless for long. "There are a lot of environmental organizations out there, and some of them are pretty radical. I think it's pretty much Norway that is the problem," he said. "There are some in America and some in Brazil that have contacted us."

Jamais Cascio, for one, feels that Fuck for Forest is just what the world needs now. Cascio runs the environmental-technology blog WorldChanging.com, and moonlights as a website reviewer for the online sex-toy retailer Blowfish. A self-described "freelance world-builder," Cascio is delighted with the idea of blending sex and activism.

"The Fuck for Forest kids are just my kind of activists," Cascio wrote via email. "It's sad that the Rainforest Foundation Norway (and other Norwegian enviro groups) refused to accept the money. Novel approaches to fund raising and activism should be welcome, and youth (especially in Europe, sheesh) are a lot more comfortable with sexual expression than are the green geezers that run many of the mainstream environmentalist groups."

Abramson doesn't see what the fuss is all about, either. "I think that's what the nonprofit sector is all about, being able to give expression to different ways of working on social issues," he said.

Children of the Porn

True to its anarcho-hippie roots, Fuck for Forest's website is more Lola Granola than Jenna Jameson. Caveat emptor: Patchouli fetishists will find Fuck for Forest a $15 well spent, but those who habitually comb the internet in search of Sorority Slumber Parties Gone Wild may find themselves more bemused than aroused.

The front page features a psychedelic Photoshopped tableau of naked girls, giant glowing phalli, and the familiar three-arrow recycling logo constructed from video stills of porn scenes. In one sample video, a beatifically smiling Johansson, her pixie-ish face framed by a halo of white-girl dreadlocks, touts the organization's good work while performing various sex acts. "The more times I do this, the more money goes to the rainforest," she says.

If you've ponied up the monthly fee, you can access the membership-only content, where you can witness all kinds of debauchery: from plein-air romps involving novel uses for corn on the cob to the uniquely Scandinavian spectacle of a naughty Euro-hippie hiking up her skirt at Ikea.

With its notable absence of teased hair, fake boobs, and bow-chika-bow music, Fuck for Forest is definitely not your typical porn fare. ("I don't look so much at porn, actually. I'm more into having sex than looking at it," Ellingsen concedes.)

"The commercial porn industry has made it all about money. They don't have fun when they make the movies, and you can see that," he says. "There should be a little spark of self irony and fun in it."

It must be noted that what Fuck for Forest lacks in glitzy production, it makes up for in sheer joie de vivre.

"The two of them (and the occasional friends from Sweden and Germany and the like) scrump with the energy, enthusiasm, and disregard for social convention that makes being a young twentysomething so much fun," Cascio wrote. "They are actually relatively attractive, in a will-fuck-for-spare-pot kind of way."