環境污染 引發不同階段兒童成長問題 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

環境污染 引發不同階段兒童成長問題

2007年08月01日
摘譯自2007年7月27日ENS瑞士,日內瓦報導;游珮綺編譯;蔡麗伶審校

環境污染會引發不同階段兒童成長問題(圖片來源:ENS)世界衛生組織(WHO)27日表示,孩童時期如果曝露在特定的化學環境當中,長大成人之後其罹患癌症及心肺疾病的風險就會越高。WHO首次針對孩童在不同的成長階段曝露於有害化學環境中可能造成的傷害而發表這份報告,這個發現是其中的一部分。

世界衛生組織在總部日內瓦發表的報告指出,空氣和水污染、食品中的農藥殘留、泥土中含鉛等重金屬,以及其他的環境威脅,都會損害兒童有機體的發展,導致孩童罹患疾病或使疾病更加惡化,而且可能引起成長方面的問題。

這份經同儕評鑑過的報告也強調,孩童在不同的成長階段曝露於危險環境中,可能產生的不良影響和曝露於環境污染的程度一樣重要。

世衛組織跨地區研究小組(Interregional Research Unit)組長丹斯特(Terri Damstra)博士表示,「孩童不只是小大人。」環境污染對兒童的危害比對成人的危害要嚴重得多,處於不同生長階段的孩童,對環境污染所造成的受害程度也有所不同。

Childhood Growth Stages Determine What Harm Pollution Does
GENEVA, Switzerland, July 27, 2007 (ENS)

An increased risk of cancer, heart and lung disease in adults can result from exposures to certain environmental chemicals during childhood, the World Health Organization said today. This finding is part of the first report ever issued by the agency focusing on children's special susceptibility to harmful chemical exposures at different stages of their growth.

Air and water contaminants, pesticides in food, lead in soil, as well many other environmental threats which alter the delicate organism of a growing child may cause or worsen disease and induce developmental problems, said the World Health Organization, WHO, releasing the report at its Geneva headquarters.

The peer-reviewed report highlights the fact that in children, the stage in their development when exposure to a threat occurs may be just as important as the magnitude of the exposure.

"Children are not just small adults," said Dr. Terri Damstra, team leader for WHO's Interregional Research Unit. Children are especially vulnerable and respond differently from adults when exposed to environmental factors - and this response may differ according to the different periods of development they are going through."

全文及圖片詳見 ENS