烏干達與剛果民主共和國石油爭奪戰恐爆發 | 環境資訊中心

烏干達與剛果民主共和國石油爭奪戰恐爆發

2007年10月05日
摘譯自2007年10月2日ENS烏干達,坎帕拉報導;蔡秦怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

聯合國和平使團在剛果艾伯特湖上巡邏(圖片提供:MONUC)2003年剛果因戰事成立臨時政府,日前烏干達已正式對外宣布終止對其鄰國剛果的軍事介入。這同時也代表終止10多年來對於非洲8國與25多個武裝部隊的介入,而其間死亡人數估計約400萬人。

烏干達與剛果民主共和國的戰火停息已有4年之久,然而雙方衝突因石油問題再度一觸即發。2007年7月底雙方關係開始處於緊繃狀態,導因於一剛果民主共和國武裝部隊逮捕當時顯然是在剛果艾伯特湖西部走廊迷路的4名烏干達海軍。

不久,情況進一步地加劇。剛果武裝部隊於8月1日在艾伯特湖進行巡邏時,攻擊加拿大一家石油公司的石油探勘船,並且殺害一名英國籍的地震工程研究團隊領導者。烏干達軍隊因此進行復仇行動,一名剛果士兵在15分鐘內遭射殺身亡,另一名士兵則遭射傷。

此後,烏干達與剛果邊界沿艾伯特湖南北160公里,緊張情勢逐步攀升,儘管此一邊界始終未明確界定。

隨著地質學家在艾伯特盆地,即湖底發現油源,烏干達與剛果軍隊均在海岸四周加強佈署。部分觀察者表示,現在正面臨一場全面戰爭的威脅。

Oil War Feared Between Uganda and DR Congo
KAMPALA, Uganda, October 2, 2007 (ENS)

Uganda officially ended its involvement in warfare in the neighboring Congo in 2003 when a transitional government was installed that was meant to end a decade of conflict involving eight African nations and some 25 armed groups in which an estimated four million people died.

While the guns between Uganda and its giant neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC, have been silent for four years, clashes between the two countries' armies have broken out again.Tensions began to rise at the end of July when a Congolese unit of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, FARDC, captured four Ugandan marines who had apparently strayed towards the Congolese west bank of Lake Albert.

But on August 1, the situation grew serious. FARDC soldiers patrolling the lake attacked an oil exploration barge belonging to Canada's Heritage Oil Corporation and killed a British seismic engineering survey team leader, 31 year old Carl Nefdt. The Ugandan army retaliated and a Congolese soldier died in the 15 minute shoot out while a Ugandan soldier was wounded.

Since then, tension has been mounting along that part of the Uganda-Congo frontier that runs north-south down the 160 kilometer long lake - although the alignment of the border has never been precisely defined.

Following the discovery of oil in what geologists term the Albertine Basin, beneath the lake, both the Ugandan and Congolese armies have been deploying heavily around the shores, with some observers saying there is now a threat of all-out war.

全文及圖片詳見ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance's planet.