凱伊（Laurie Kaye）是捍衛環境基金會的政策分析師，也是洛杉磯機場經濟環境教育正義聯盟的會員，他表示：「我們要向委員會成員致敬，因為他們資助這項空前的研究計畫，該計畫可以提供非常重要的資料，來保護在洛杉磯機場附近居住、玩耍及就學的孩子們。這項計畫將長時間收集各領域專家的研究結果，包括法規單位、學術研究、空氣污染監控，以及來自El Segundo和洛杉磯機場聯盟的代表。」
這項計畫其實是LAWA (Los Angeles World Airport)於3年前的3月與洛杉磯聯盟簽署合約的部份條件，洛杉磯聯盟代表了20多個學區、工會、環保及社區團體。這項社區福利協議(Community Benefits Agreement, CBA)提供了相當於5億元的實施計畫，來彌補洛杉磯機場110億元計畫所造成的衝擊。實施計畫主要是針對居住在機場附近的低收入戶與弱勢族群。所提供的福利包括減少噪音、就業訓練、優先就業機會、生活津貼、健康調查與綠建築原則。
The Los Angeles Board of Airport Commissioners voted today to fund the largest study in the nation examining toxic sources of pollution attributable to airport operations and the impact on nearby communities. The vote authorized the hiring of an independent expert, Jacobs Consultancy, to conduct the $2.15 million study starting in June at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX).
LAX is the fifth busiest airport in the world in passenger traffic and the seventh busiest in cargo. The LAX Master Plan Supplement to the Draft Environmental Impact Report concluded that “the health effects associated with these pollutants, particularly chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, have been found to be prevalent among certain minority populations who may also have less access to healthcare.”
“We salute the board of commissioners for funding this unprecedented study to provide vitally important data to protect children who live, play and attend school near LAX,” said Laurie Kaye, a policy analyst for Environmental Defense and a member of the LAX Coalition for Economic, Environmental, and Educational Justice. “This study is the result of a very long process of drawing together experts across regulatory agencies, academics in the field of receptor modeling and air pollution monitoring, and representatives from El Segundo and the LAX Coalition.”
“This landmark decision by the Board of Airport Commissioners will enable the City to alleviate some of the worst air quality impacts on communities near LAX,” said Flor Barajas-Tena, Director of the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy (LAANE) and LAANE’s representative on the LAX Coalition for Economic, Environmental, and Educational Justice. “This study is an example of how community benefits can contribute to the creation of healthy communities.”
The study is part of the historic, legally binding contract that LAWA signed three years ago this month with more than 20 school districts, labor unions, and environmental and community based groups represented by the LAX Coalition. This Community Benefits Agreement (CBA) with LAWA provided $500 million of measures to offset the impact of LAX’s $11 billion Master Plan on low income, heavily minority population areas surrounding the airport. These benefits include residential noise reduction, job training, a first-source hiring program, a living wage, a health study and green building principles.
Finally, the CBA requires all construction equipment to be retrofitted with the best available control technology to reduce emissions. To enforce this provision, LAWA and the LAX Coalition have worked together to hire their own runway cop called the “independent third party monitor.” No other airport in the country has ever had anyone in a similar job.
To date, vehicles now retrofitted have reduced toxic particulate matter that is associated with heart attacks, irregular heartbeat, asthma attacks, reduced lung function, bronchitis, and premature death by the equivalent of 4.5 million less car miles traveled or more than nine round trips to the moon.