巴茲-慕罕默德（Khalifa Baaz Mohammad）是德達地亞卡圖特（Yaka Toot）地區的流離家庭代表，他說，「夏天的時候，這裡的難民營還有些工作機會。難民與小孩會去採集棉花、菠菜跟洋蔥。但是現在幾乎都沒了。」
巴爾赫省難民部的責任部長巴布里（Shir Mohammad Babri）提出澄清，「這些流離家庭的看法是因為不清楚問題，還有不了解本部門的運作狀況。我們是把收到的物資送給極度貧窮、最需要幫助的人。」
Afghanistan is a dry country in which drought is frequent, especially for the past 10 years. Sometimes the rains fail to arrive for years at a time, causing severe hardship for those whose lives and livelihoods depend on the land.
This year has been harder than most for farmers in northern Afghanistan, particularly in the provinces of Balkh, Jowzjan, Faryab, Sar-e-Pul, and Takhar. Thousands have collected in Dehdadi district of Balkh province, where they hoped to find assistance. But, according to the displaced families, help has been slow in coming
"There was employment opportunity for these refugees during the summer," said Khalifa Baaz Mohammad, a representative of the displaced families in the Yaka Toot area of Dehdadi. "They and their children were collecting cotton, spinach and onions. But now they have almost nothing."
In addition to food, the families also need fuel to keep themselves warm in the freezing winter weather.
Officials, meanwhile, appear to be passing the buck, each accusing the other of failing to act.
Wali Shah, the district governor of Dehdadi, confirmed the difficulties facing the displaced people, and said that he had shared these problems with the heads of the provincial refugees and repatriation department and the department for disaster preparedness.
Rahmatullah Zahed, head of the disaster preparedness department in the north, said that his office had also tried to get the government to act.
Some assistance, he said, had been provided.
"We have shared the problem with senior government officials," said Zahed. "The disaster preparedness department has provided 5,592 tonnes of foodstuffs to the displaced people during the current winter. Most of the foodstuff has been sent to remote districts and the remainder is now being transported."
According to Zahed, it is up to the Balkh province department of refugees to deal with the problem.
But according a refugees representative in the Choqnak area of Alburz, Islamuddin, who goes by one name, the department of refugees is part of the problem. He claims the department siphons off much of the assistance that is supposed to go to the needy families.
"For example, 315 refugees in the Alburz mountain area were supposed to get assistance provided by China. The assistance was delivered to the area but not given to the refugees."
Sayed Mohammad Tahir Roshanzada, head of the Balkh chamber of commerce, confirmed that food given to assist refugees was diverted.
"The donated foodstuff is sold in the market for a very low price," he said. "Nobody does anything to stop this."
Shir Mohammad Babri, deputy head of the Balkh department of refugees, downplayed the allegations.
"This is the opinion of the displaced families who are not aware of the problems and facilities of this department," he said. "We distribute the assistance we receive to really poor and needy people."
He acknowledged that the problems of all of these people needed be solved, but said that his department does not have the capacity to provide help to the displaced people on time.
But until assistance is distributed in the stricken districts, those displaced by the drought will be in severe distress.
"I have collected bread from several houses last night to give to those in need," said Baaz Mohammad. "If assistance is not delivered soon, there will be a humanitarian disaster."
※This article originally appeared in the Afghan Recovery Report, produced by the Institute for War and Peace Reporting
附註 : 本文原刊於戰爭與和平報導研究所（Institute for War and Peace Reporting）的阿富汗復原特別報告（Afghan Recovery Report）