1. 巴西已經為聯合國氣候變化綱要公約(United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC)建立了第二版國家通訊(National Communication) 。第一版在2004年已遞呈UNFCCC。
氣候基金將會資助對抗沙漠化以及調適氣候變遷的行動，也會支持教育提案以及訓練計畫，REDD（減少毀林及森林退化造成的溫室氣體排放，Reduction in Emission from Deforestation and forest Degradation），還有包括如開發技術、訂定公共政策、支持永續生產鏈，以及環境相關服務的費用。
Brazil is on track to meet carbon dioxide emissions reduction targets four years earlier than promised, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva announced Tuesday at a meeting of Brazil's Forum on Climate Change.
President Lula congratulated the members of the inter-governmental Forum on their efforts to advance Brazil's move toward a low-carbon economy and control emissions of greenhouse gases that warm the planet."Today's announcement shows once again that Brazil can be proud of the environmental agenda we have been building in recent years, said the President. Since 2003, we have been working closely to address climate change, and even with strong economic growth, our actions have already resulted in a reduction of 2.8 billion tons of carbon dioxide." "If we keep this pace - and everything indicates that we shall do so - we will accomplish our goal of voluntary carbon dioxide reductions in 2016, four years before we had promised," he said.
Brazil is one of the world's biggest carbon dioxide emitters, due to the clearing of the Amazon rainforest, 17 percent of which has been destroyed. Deforestation releases carbon into the atmosphere as trees burn or rot. But according to President Lula, since the Plan of Action to Prevent and Control Deforestation in the Amazon was established in 2003, Brazil has reduced the rate of Amazon deforestation by more than 70 percent, avoiding the emission of 2.9 billion tCO2eq (tons carbon equivalent). He said the country now has the lowest rate of deforestation in 21 years.
"If we keep this pace, the goal announced at COP 15 will advance in four years," said the President. "Today, Brazil is certainly one of the countries that has presented the most concrete results in tackling climate change."
President Lula announced three new initiatives geared toward measuring and lowering Brazil's national greenhouse gas emissions.
First, Brazil has developed its Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC. The first was submitted to the UNFCCC in 2004.
Next, the Lula administration will set guidelines and specify strategic actions to lower the greenhouse gas emissions of five specific industry sectors.
And third, the President signed a decree establishing rules for the National Fund on Climate Change, the first in the world to use funds from the profits of an oil supply chain to finance mitigation and adaptation to climate change.
From now on, the Fund's Steering Committee will be able to manage, monitor and evaluate the application of resources projects, studies and developments of mitigation and adaptation of climate change and its effects.
Established by decree and coordinated by the Ministry of Environment, the Steering Committee is composed of government representatives, the scientific community, employers, workers and nongovernmental organizations.
For 2011, the Committee has a budget of US$226 million, with $200 million as a repayable loan. The other $26 million will be administered by the Environment Ministry to invest in research projects, mobilization and impact assessments of climate change. This funding can be passed on to states and municipalities through agreements and terms of cooperation.
The Climate Fund will support activities aimed at combating desertification and adaptation to climate change. It will also support education initiatives and training projects, REDD, development including technology, public policy formulation, support to sustainable productive chains, and payment for environmental services.