22種染髮劑成份有致癌之虞 歐盟下令禁用 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

22種染髮劑成份有致癌之虞 歐盟下令禁用

2006年07月26日
ENS比利時,布魯塞爾報導;鄭佳宜、蘇家億編譯;莫聞審校

歐洲境內有超過60%的女性染髮,而男性則為5%-10%。為此,歐盟執委會為確保消費者在使用染髮劑的安全,立法禁止22種長期使用有可能導致膀胱癌的染劑成份。這項在20日通過的禁令,將於今年的12月1日開始生效。

主管企業和產業政策的歐盟執委會副主席Günter Verheugen表示:「只要尚未證實為對人體健康無虞的染劑原料,將一律從市場消失。高安全標準不只為保障歐盟消費者,也讓歐盟的化妝品業者有明確的法律可遵循。」

以2004年為例,歐盟染髮市場產值為26億歐元,幾佔歐洲化妝品業輸出產值的8%。

2003年4月間,歐盟成員國和各界權益關係代表通過一項全面政策,要求列表法定無害的染髮物質;當前這項禁令可謂執行這項政策的第一步。根據政令,無論永久或半持久性染髮劑,只要產業界未呈交物質安全資料、或被歐盟消費品科學委員會(SCCP)評為有害健康,歐盟執委會都將明令禁用。

歐盟已通知世貿組織(WTO)將22項禁用的染髮物質加入技術性貿易障礙協定,此後進口歐盟的染髮劑皆受此限制。由於這項通知並未受到任何反對意見,執委會評估這項禁令並不致嚴重影響染劑產業的競爭力。

22種禁用的染髮劑成分如下:

  • 3-吡啶二胺和氯化氫鹽類
  • 2,3-萘二酚
  • 2,4-二氨基二苯胺
  • 2,6-雙(2-羥乙氧基)-3,5-吡啶二胺
  • 2-甲氧甲基-p-氨基苯酚
  • 4,5-二氨基-1-甲基吡唑和氯化氫鹽類
  • 4,5-二氨基-1-[4-氯苯基)甲基]-4氫吡唑硫酸鹽
  • 4-氯-2-氨基苯酚
  • 4-羥引朵
  • 4-甲氧甲苯-2,5-二胺和氯化氫鹽類
  • 5-氨基-4-氟-2-甲基酚硫酸鹽
  • N,N-二乙基-對-氨基苯酚
  • N,N-二氨基-2,6-啶胺和氯化氫鹽類
  • N-環戊基-對-氨基苯酚
  • N-(2-甲氧乙基)-p-苯二胺(PPD)和氯化氫鹽類
  • 2,4-二氨基-5-甲基苯乙醚和氯化氫鹽類
  • 1,7-萘二酚
  • 3,4-二氨基苯酸
  • 2-氨甲基-p-氨苯酚和氯化氫鹽類
  • 溶劑紅1號
  • 橙黃24號
  • 酸性紅73號
Europe Bans 22 Hair Dye Chemicals
BRUSSELS, Belgium, July 21, 2006 (ENS)

To ensure safety of hair dye products for consumers, the European Commission has banned 22 hair dye substances that could potentially cause bladder cancer if used for a long time. Adopted Thursday, the ban takes effect on December 1, 2006. More than 60 percent of European women color their hair, as do five to 10 percent of men.

European Commission Vice-President Günter Verheugen, who is responsible for enterprise and industry policy, said, "Substances for which there is no proof that they are safe will disappear from the market. Our high safety standards do not only protect EU consumers, they also give legal certainty to European cosmetics industry."

The hair dye market in the EU was worth €2.6 billion in 2004, accounting for about eight percent of the value of output of the cosmetics industry in Europe.

The ban is a first step in the Commission's overall strategy, agreed with EU member states and stakeholders in April 2003, to establish a positive list of hair dye substances which are considered safe for human health.

Under the strategy, the Commission will ban all permanent and non-permanent hair dyes for which industry has not submitted any safety files and those for which the Scientific Committee on Consumer Products (SCCP) has given a negative opinion.

This ban on the 22 hair dye substances has been notified to the World Trade Organization under the Technical Barriers to Trade procedure. Since no comments were received following this notification, the Commission says it can be assumed that the ban will not significantly impact the competitiveness of the hair dye manufacturers.

The following substances will be banned:

  • 6-Methoxy-2,3-Pyridinediamine and its HCl salt
  • 2,3-Naphthalenediol
  • 2,4-Diaminodiphenylamine
  • 2,6-Bis(2-Hydroxyethoxy)-3,5-Pyridinediamine
  • 2-Methoxymethyl-p-Aminophenol
  • 4,5-Diamino-1-Methylpyrazole and its HCl salt
  • 4,5-Diamino-1-((4-Chlorophenyl)Methyl)-1H-Pyrazole Sulfate
  • 4-Chloro-2-Aminophenol
  • 4-Hydroxyindole
  • 4-Methoxytoluene-2,5-Diamine and its HCl salt
  • 5-Amino-4-Fluoro-2-Methylphenol Sulfate
  • N,N-Diethyl-m-Aminophenol
  • N,N-Dimethyl-2,6-Pyridinediamine and its HCl salt
  • N-Cyclopentyl-m-Aminophenol
  • N-(2-Methoxyethyl)-p-phenylenediamine and its HCl salt
  • 2,4-Diamino-5-methylphenetol and its HCl salt
  • 1,7-Naphthalenediol
  • 3,4-Diaminobenzoic acid
  • 2-Aminomethyl-p-aminophenol and its HCl salt
  • Solvent Red 1 (CI 12150)
  • Acid Orange 24 (CI 20170)
  • Acid Red 73 (CI 27290)