這次論壇由非洲新夥伴發展計畫（New Partnership for African Development，NEPAD）、性別氣候變遷與農業子計畫（Gender Climate Change and Agriculture Programme）和肯亞政府共同召集，11至13日在肯亞奈洛比進行，主題是「從協議到行動：實踐非洲國家自主決定預期貢獻（INDC）與成長」。
從自主決定預期貢獻轉型至自主決定貢獻（Nationally Determined Contributions，NDCs），對非洲的發展具有關鍵性的影響，尤其在農業方面。NDCs將成為世界第一個一體適用於已開發和開發中國家的減排目標。
聯合國糧農組織非洲區域代表Abebe Haile Gabriel強調，非洲各國在達成INDCs的過程中需要支持，而氣候智慧型農業對許多非洲國家而言是達成INDCs的重要條件。
African delegates from more than 45 countries have welcomed progress made by the New Partnership for African Development, NEPAD, Gender Climate Change and Agriculture Programme, established to foster resilience among farmers to the shocks of climate change.
Government and civil society representatives, delegates from private sector and farmer organizations, and regional economic communities, as well as multilateral and bilateral partners gathered for the second Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum at the Safari Park Hotel in Nairobi, October 11-13.
Convened by the NEPAD Agency and the Government of Kenya, it was held under the theme “From agreement to action: implementing African Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) for growth.”
The INDCs are initial pledges made by nearly all countries under the Paris climate agreement, adopted in December 2015, which is set to enter into force on November 4.
The transition from INDCs to Nationally Determined Contributions, NDCs, has key implications for Africa’s development, especially agriculture.
The NDCs will become the world’s first greenhouse gas reduction targets that apply equally to both developed and developing countries.
At the African Union Summit in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea in June 2014, Heads of State and Government adopted a set of concrete agriculture goals to be attained by 2025. This set of new goals shows a more targeted approach to achieving shared prosperity and improved livelihoods.
The key goal is to establish 25 million climate smart farmers by 2025.
In Nairobi last week, delegates to the Africa Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance Forum reiterated the need to strengthen and consolidate the knowledge base of climate smart agriculture, CSA, technologies, practices and initiatives.
They confirmed that agriculture should remain high on Africa’s development agenda as a critical policy initiative for African economic growth and poverty reduction.
This supports the aspirations and goals in Africa’s Agenda 2063.
Climate smart agriculture will shape enhanced and sustainable agricultural productivity, sustainable food systems as well as broad-based social and environmental resilience from household through to landscape level.
During the Forum it become apparent that African countries are acutely aware of the negative impacts of climate change on agriculture. Yet, gaps and disconnects still exist between awareness of impacts and adaptation efforts.
Delegates mentioned gaps such as the absence of plans and policies that incorporate climate change issues, lack of education and outreach among communities, and information that fails to reach intended beneficiaries.
Also lacking are institutional frameworks for action, drought resistant crop varieties, and smallholder water harvesting.
These barriers are challenging as Africa endeavors to meet the target of 25 million farmers practicing climate smart agriculture come the year 2025 – less than 10 years away.
The difficulties of smallholder farmers were brought into focus with a call to promote climate smart agriculture success stories and award other farmers opportunities to adopt such sustainable innovations.
Estherine Fotabong, NEPAD’s director of programme implementation and coordination, stressed that knowledge sharing is key to agricultural and rural transformation, through which indigenous knowledge should not be ignored but used as synergy with scientific findings.
Abebe Haile Gabriel, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization’s deputy regional representative for Africa, maintained that countries need support to achieve their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Climate Agreement.
Through the effort to meet their INDC, the importance of climate smart agriculture comes to the fore for many African countries.
As part of synergy building to ensure more is done to enable climate smart agriculture, NEPAD has entered into alliance with five international nongovernmental organizations that work through communities and community-based groups.
The NEPAD-NGO Agriculture Climate Change Alliance involves: Catholic Relief Services, Concern, CARE, World Vision and Oxfam.
The Alliance aims to increase its presence across the African continent to ensure that better coping mechanisms reach farmers to support their resilience in the face of climate shocks such as droughts and floods.