保育人士死於伊朗獄中 家屬質疑「被自殺」 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

保育人士死於伊朗獄中 家屬質疑「被自殺」

2018年02月27日
摘譯自2018年2月11日ENS伊朗,德黑蘭報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

今年1月,一名伊朗加拿大雙國籍學者、環境行動人士死於伊朗當局監禁之下。拘留原因是涉入間諜組織活動。根據檢方說詞,該間諜組織是對「從事科學和環境工作」的人收集「戰略」相關資訊。

63歲的薩伊德埃瑪米(Kavous Seyed-Emami)是波斯野生動物遺產基金會(Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation,PWHF)的創辦人。該基金會致力於保護波斯豹、亞洲黑熊等伊朗的稀有動物和淡水水源。薩伊德埃瑪米去世時,仍擔任基金會的總監。

Kavous-Seyed-Emami。圖片來源:Samid Lotfi courtesy CHRI

薩伊德埃瑪米(Kavous Seyed-Emami)。圖片來源:Samid Lotfi/CHRI

伊朗「重要的環境NGO」 多名成員遭警拘留

薩伊德埃瑪米是德黑蘭伊瑪姆薩迪克大學的社會學教授。根據俄勒岡大學網站上的校友資訊,他於1991年獲得該校社會學博士學位。

薩伊德埃瑪米的兒子、伊朗音樂家拉姆埃瑪米(Raam Emami)在Twitter上寫道,他的父親於1月24日被捕,他的母親則在2月9日被告知父親的死訊。拉姆埃瑪米在Instagram上寫道,當局說他的父親是自殺。

根據紐約伊朗人權中心(Center for Human Rights in Iran)執行主任哈迪加米(Hadi Ghaemi)的說法,薩伊德埃瑪米於1月遭拘留。

加米稱,波斯野生動物遺產基金會是「伊朗的重要非政府環境組織」,並表示薩伊德埃瑪米與波斯野生動物遺產基金會的其他成員一起遭到拘留。

根據人權中心,一名被拘留者的家屬匿名表示,薩伊德埃瑪米被捕當天,波斯遺產野生動物基金會至少有9名工作人員和行政人員也在德黑蘭被拘留。

被指涉入間諜組織 保育人士獄中「被自殺」

拉姆埃瑪米和伊朗人權中心說,德黑蘭檢察官辦公室告訴薩伊德埃瑪米的家人,薩伊德埃瑪米在艾文監獄內上吊自殺身亡。德黑蘭檢察官多拉塔巴迪(Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi)11日證實了薩伊德埃瑪米的死亡,稱他被拘留的原因是涉入間諜組織活動。

檢察官10日公布了這個間諜組織,稱它針對那些「從事科學和環境工作」的人收集「戰略」相關資訊。

「他知道有很多人供出他,他也認罪。」半官方的伊朗勞工通訊社11日引述多拉塔巴迪的話稱,「很不幸地,他在監獄裡自殺了。」

伊朗人權中心的網站上寫道,伊朗司法機構應對薩伊德埃瑪米的死亡負全部責任,呼籲聯合國針對伊朗境內過去40日間發生的三起死亡事件進行調查,此外也要求伊朗當局還必須立即停止騷擾薩伊德埃瑪米的家人,並停止在在完成獨立驗屍和醫學調查之前施壓其家人迅速埋葬。

行動人士表示,還有其他被拘留者「被自殺」。


亞洲獵豹又稱伊朗獵豹(Acinonyx jubatus venaticus),是獵豹的一個亞種。圖片來源:Ehsan Kamali/維基百科(CC BY 4.0

「保護人類和其他形式的生命」 薩伊德埃瑪米的最後心願

亞洲獵豹(Acinonyx jubatus venaticus)、亞洲黑熊(Ursus Thibetanus,又名「月熊」)、波斯豹(Panthera pardus ciscaucasica),以及許多野生動物都是波斯野生動物遺產基金會關注的對象。

薩伊德埃瑪米在2016-17波斯野生動物遺產基金會年度報告的編輯室文章中闡述了他的環境保護理念:

「全世界的研究都顯示,人類活動引起的滅絕速度以及文明對自然的影響,像是氣候變化,正在增加。然而,保育主義者應繼續努力,把重點放在成功的故事上,保持希望,並從自己的努力中學習,扭轉動植物消失的趨勢。」

「他們應該繼續發揮自己的影響力,保護人類和所有其他形式的生命。我們從中汲取的教訓是,我們必須忠於自己已經走上的道路,不迴避我們所面臨的挑戰。」

「我們已經知道,光靠短期工作和有限的觀點,野生動物保護是無法成功的。這個工作需要毅力...計畫必須長期進行;為了實現永續發展並滿足需求,必須對其進行清晰和科學的界定。為實現這個目標,我們確立了兩個先決條件:首先要動員地方社群,獲得他們的支持。」

而根據波斯野生動物遺產基金會的宗旨,該機構的目標是「努力緩解伊朗稀有野生動物的沉重生存壓力。人口增長和人類活動區域擴大帶給野生動物棲息地和自然環境諸多威脅。」

「我們認為,只有人們和責任單位合作,才能實現保育目標。 作為生活依賴於環境健康的人們,我們有責任保護偉大的自然遺產,將之交給後代。」

Iranian-Canadian Conservationist Dies in Iranian Jail
TEHRAN, Iran, February 11,2018 (ENS)

An Iranian-Canadian academic and environmental activist imprisoned by Iranian authorities in January has died in prison, his son said Saturday on Twitter.

Kavous Seyed-Emami, 63, was a founder of the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation, which works to protect Iran’s rare animals and fresh water supplies. He was serving as its managing director at the time of his death.

Seyed-Emami was also a professor of sociology at Tehran’s Imam Sadiq University. He received his doctorate in sociology from the University of Oregon in 1991, according to an alumni listing on the university website.

Seyed-Emami’s son, the Iranian musician Raam Emami who goes by the stage name King Raam, wrote on Twitter that his father was arrested on January 24, and that his mother had been informed of Emami’s death on February 9.

On Instagram, Raam Emami wrote that the authorities said his father had committed suicide.

Seyed-Emami, was detained last month, according to Hadi Ghaemi, executive director of the New York-based Center for Human Rights in Iran.

Ghaemi called the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation “the leading environmental NGO in Iran,” and said Seyed-Emami was detained along with other members of the PWHF.

CHRI has learned that on the same day as Seyed-Emami’s arrest, at least nine other staff members and executives of the Persian Heritage Wildlife Foundation were also taken into custody in Tehran, according to a relative of one of the detainees who asked not to be identified.

Raam Emami and the Center for Human Rights in Iran say that the Tehran prosecutor’s office told Seyed-Emami’s family that he committed suicide by hanging himself while in Evin Prison.

Tehran prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi confirmed the professor’s death Sunday, saying he had been detained in an alleged espionage ring.

On Saturday, the prosecutor announced the ring, saying it had targeted people who were “implementing scientific and environmental projects” to collect information on “strategic areas.”

“He knew there were a lot of confessions against him and he also confessed himself,” Dolatabadi was quoted as saying Sunday by the semi-official Iran Labour News Agency. “Unfortunately, he committed suicide in prison.”

“The Center for Human Rights in Iran, CHRI, holds the Iranian Judiciary fully responsible for the death of Seyed-Emami and calls for an immediate, international UN-led investigation into the three deaths that have occurred in custody in Iran in the past 40 days,” the Center says on its website.

“Iranian authorities must also immediately stop harassing Seyed-Emami’s family and cease pressuring them into conducting a burial before the completion of an independent autopsy and medical investigation of the cause of death,” demanded CHRI.

Activists say there have been other suspicious deaths among detainees that have been labelled as suicides.

The Asiatic cheetah, Asiatic black bear, Persian leopard and various species of wild sheep are the animals on which the Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation currently focuses its conservation efforts.

In an editorial for the 2016-17 Persian Wildlife Heritage Foundation Annual Report, Seyed-Emami explained his approach to environmental conservation.

“Research around the world shows that the rate of extinction induced by human activities and changes to nature brought on by our civilization, such as climate change, is on the increase,” wrote Seyed-Emami.

“Conservationists should however not stop their efforts. Rather, they should focus on success stories to gain hope and learn from their own endeavors to reverse the loss of fauna and flora,” he wrote.

“They should continue to play their part in safeguarding the Earth for humanity and all other forms of life. The lesson we have learnt is that we must stay true to the course we have embarked on, never shying away from the challenges we face,” Seyed-Emami wrote.

“We have learnt that wildlife conservation cannot succeed with short term projects and limited perspective. It requires perseverance,” he wrote. “Projects must be implemented and sustained over long periods of time; in order to be sustainable and able to fulfill their own needs, they must be clearly and scientifically defined. Toward this goal, we have identified two prerequisites: foremost is the mobilization of local people and their integration.”

The organization states its goals, “PWHF strives to ease the heavy strain on rare wildlife of Iran. Human population growth and the expansion of zones of human activity are among the many dangers facing wildlife habitats in particular and our nurturing environment in general.”

“We believe that conservation goals can only be fulfilled when people and authorities cooperate. As a people whose livelihood depends on the health of the environment, we have a responsibility to safeguard and hand our great natural heritage to future generations.”

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance's planet.

 

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。