往碳中和邁進 歐盟投100億歐元發展再生能源、碳捕捉技術 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

往碳中和邁進 歐盟投100億歐元發展再生能源、碳捕捉技術

2019年03月05日
環境資訊中心外電;姜唯 翻譯;林大利 審校;稿源:ENS

為了在2050年前實現碳中和,歐盟執委員會26日啟動創新基金「The Innovation Fund」,這項價值超過100億歐元的投資計畫,將投資能源密集產業的低碳技術,支持再生能源和碳捕捉技術。

圖片來源:SBM Offshore
歐盟將投入100億資金,支持再生能源和碳捕捉技術。圖片來源:SBM Offshore

創新基金是依據巴黎氣候協定履行歐盟經濟承諾的關鍵資金工具,支持執委會在2050年前實現歐洲氣候中和的戰略願景。歐盟執委會稱,創新基金將成為全世界大規模的氣候行動籌資計畫。

資金將集中挹注碳捕捉和利用、建設和營運碳捕捉和儲存設施,以及創新再生能源發電和能源儲存技術。

能源密集型產業中獨特的低碳技術和流程,特別是可替代碳密集型技術的產品,將獲得資金支持。

2018年11月歐盟執委會採行一項新的長期策略「共享乾淨地球」(A Clean Planet for all),要在2050年實現繁榮、現代化、具有競爭力且氣候中立的經濟。新投資計畫是這項策略的其中一部分。

執委會氣候行動和能源委員阿里亞斯·卡涅特(Miguel Arias Cañete)說:「我們在宣布採行歐洲氣候中立戰略願景的三個月內,就讓資金到位。...我們的目標,是繼續為所有歐洲人建立一個現代化、具有競爭力和社會公平正義,且遵守巴黎協定的經濟。要做到這一點,我們需要以工業規模部署創新乾淨技術。」

執委會的目標是在2020年啟動創新基金的第一次徵件,接著定期徵件直到2030年。資金來源是2020至2030期間,歐盟排放交易體系(EU ETS)碳排放配額銷售收入。這些銷售收入取決於碳價,目前約為20歐元。

創新基金將根據碳價匯集資源,總額約為100億歐元。歐盟排放交易體系中至少有4.5億份配額預計在2020年至2030年間在碳市場上銷售。

創新基金預計將帶來當地綠色就業和成長、節能住宅、減少能源費用、更乾淨的空氣、更有效率的城市大眾運輸系統,以及安全能源和其他資源的供應。

EU Invests €10 Billion in Lowering Carbon Dioxide
BRUSSELS, Belgium, February 27, 2019 (ENS)

The European Commission Tuesday introduced The Innovation Fund, an investment program worth over €10 billion for low-carbon technologies in energy intensive industries. The program supports renewables and carbon capture as burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide (CO2), the most prevalent greenhouse gas.

The Innovation Fund is a key funding instrument for delivering the EU’s economy-wide commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate and supporting the Commission’s strategic vision of a climate-neutral Europe by 2050.

The Innovation Fund will be one of the world’s largest funding programs for climate action, the Commission claims.

Funds will flow to endeavors that focus on carbon capture and utilization, construction and operation of carbon capture and storage facilities, innovative renewable energy generation and energy storage.

Unique low-carbon technologies and processes in energy intensive industries, especially products that can replace carbon intensive technologies, will be funded.

The initiative is part of a new strategy adopted by the Commission in November 2018, a strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate neutral economy by 2050, called “A Clean Planet for all.”

Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy Miguel Arias Cañete said, “Less than three months after adopting our strategic vision for a climate neutral Europe by 2050, we are putting the money where the mouth is.”

“Our objective,” said Cañete, referring to the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate, “is to keep building a modern, competitive and socially fair Paris-aligned economy for all Europeans. For this to happen, we will need deployment of clean innovative technologies on an industrial scale.”

The Commission aims to launch the first call for proposals under the Innovation Fund in 2020, followed by regular calls until 2030.

The investment program will be backed by the revenue from sales of carbon allowances from the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) sold on the carbon market in the period 2020-2030.

The revenues from these sales will depend on the carbon price, which is currently around €20.


Diagram of how carbon capture and storage works (Infographic courtesy European Commission)

These revenues will go into an Innovation Fund, which will pool together resources amounting to around €10 billion, depending on the carbon price. At least 450 million allowances from the EU ETS are expected to be sold on the carbon market between 2020 and 2030.

The Innovation Fund is projected to lead to the creation of local green jobs and growth, energy-efficient homes with a reduced energy bill, cleaner air, more efficient public transport systems in cities, and secure supplies of energy and other resources.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。