這個獨特的計畫是由動物福利國際基金會(International Fund for Animal Welfare, IFAW)及其夥伴組織－印度野生動物基金會和Arunachal Prasesh森林部共同管理。
亞洲黑熊(Ursus thibetanus或Seenarctos thibetanus)又稱為西藏黑熊或西瑪拉亞黑熊或月熊。這種中等體型、有尖爪的黑熊，在胸口處有個明顯的白色V字型標誌。
Five orphaned endangered Asiatic black bears are being prepared for their return to the wild after having been confiscated from locals who kept them as pets.
The bear cubs were hand raised at the Center for Bear Rehabilitation and Conservation located in northeast India's Arunachal Pradesh state, which directs orphaned bears through an assisted release program.
This unique project is jointly managed by the International Fund for Animal Welfare, IFAW, and its partner organization the Wildlife Trust of India, as well as the Arunachal Pradesh Forest Department.
Situated on the bank of the Pakke River surrounded by tropical, semi-evergreen forests, it is the only project in India that rehabilitates Asiatic black bears and returns them to the wild.
"Bears across India are disappearing due to increased poaching and habitat destruction," said A.J. Cady, director of IFAW's Animals in Crisis and Distress program. "This is a unique and vital program fighting to protect Asia's black bears and we are working very hard to assure its success as a model for all of India," he said.
The Asiatic Black Bear, Ursus thibetanus or Selenarctos thibetanus, is also known as the Tibetan black bear, the Himalayan black bear, or the moon bear. This medium sized, sharp-clawed, black-colored bear has a distinctive white or cream "V" marking on its chest.
The Asiatic Black Bear is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN-World Conservation Union's Red List of Threatened Species. Threats are deforestation and habitat loss, and the bears also are killed by farmers who want to protect their livestock.
Bears are poached for their meat or bile, which is used to prepare traditional medicines. Asiatic black bears are killed by tribal hunters throughout Arunachal Pradesh and often, when a mother is shot or abandons her cubs, hunters catch the bear cubs.
In the past, tribal members often raised the cubs, until the forest department stopped the practice and began sending orphaned cubs to the Itanagar Zoo to live out their lives. It was not until the establishment of Center for Bear Rehabilitation and Conservation in 2002 that the process of rehabilitating and returning bears to the wild was undertaken in India.