美國新政新氣象 歐巴馬將重新檢視布希的行政命令 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

美國新政新氣象 歐巴馬將重新檢視布希的行政命令

2008年11月13日
摘譯自2008年11月10日ENS美國華府報導;謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

歐巴馬交接團隊負責人波德斯塔(John Podesta) (圖片來源 : Obama transition team) 歐巴馬交接團隊負責人波德斯塔(John Podesta)11月9日表示,當選下任美國總統的歐巴馬及其團隊已開始重新檢視布希政府所訂立的所有行政命令,並就其內容決定是否予以保留或廢除,而歐巴馬的決策能讓現任總統所頒佈的有害環境命令,失去法令效用。

柯林頓政府時期擔任白宮幕僚長的波德斯塔指出:「身為一位總統候選人,參議員歐巴馬希望重新檢視布希政府的所有行政命令,並進一步決定哪些法令應該保留、廢除或修改。」

在投票日當天,布希政府宣佈將在12月的契約買賣中,開放猶他州36萬公頃公有土地的石油及天然氣探勘,而美國土地管理局也沒有發佈任何關於這241處石油及天然氣土地的相關資料,但外界認定部分地點鄰近國家公園或遺跡,例如位於猶他州東南方的阿契斯國家公園和峽谷地國家公園。

環保人士也反對在猶他州南部的紅石村進行任何石油和天然氣開發。

猶他南部荒地聯盟一直極力抗爭,不讓石油和天然氣的開發行為進入荒地區域,聯盟執行長格林(Scott Groene).更將歐巴馬當選總統,視為「猶他南部荒地聯盟成立25年來保護荒地的最好機會。」

猶他南部荒地聯盟希望猶他州南部的Dirty Devil proposed被指定為荒地 (攝影 : Ray Bloxham 圖片提供 : SUWA) 格林表示,那些被他稱之為「布希政府正當違法決議」的法規都應受到檢討,包括最近才通過的6項土地使用計劃,這項決議將開放上百萬公頃的紅石荒地租賃契約,進行石油天然氣鑽探或開放越野車進入。

波德斯塔指出,歐巴馬團隊幾乎是將所有的機構一一做檢視,以找出進步或改善的方向,例如能源轉換、改善健康照護或幹細胞研究等等。

環保人士也對新政府抱持著相當大的希望。「自然資源保衛委員會」主席貝尼克(Frances Beinecke)指出:「歐巴馬的當選對於環保人士來說意味著新的開始,也終結了過去8年來美國政府對環境做出的無情攻擊。」

貝尼克也表示:「我們組織內的員工和會員都已做好準備,協助下任美國總統歐巴馬和新國會一起推動美國新能源計劃,包括創造500萬個清淨科技就業機會、讓100萬台混合動力汽車上路、減少碳排放。」

Obama Plans to Overturn Bush Executive Orders
WASHINGTON, DC, November 10, 2008 (ENS)

President-elect Barack Obama and his transition team are already reviewing all of President Bush's executive orders, considering which will be allowed to stand and which will be overturned, the head of his transition team, John Podesta said on Sunday. Obama's decisions could invalidate environmentally damaging orders issued by the current president.

"As a candidate, Senator Obama said that he wanted all the Bush executive orders reviewed, and decide which ones should be kept, and which ones should be repealed, and which ones should be amended," said Podesta, who served as White House chief of staff under President Bill Clinton.

On election day, the Bush administration announced that it will open up about 360,000 acres of Utah public lands to oil and gas drilling in its December lease sale.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management did not publish details of the 241 proposed oil and gas parcels, but some are believed to be near national parks and monuments such as Arches National Park and Canyonlands National Park in southeastern Utah.

But environmentalists are opposed to any further oil and gas development in the Red Rock country of southern Utah.

Scott Groene, executive director of the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, which has fought to keep oil and gas development out of wilderness areas, views the Obama presidency as "the best opportunity for wilderness protection in SUWA's 25 year history."

Groene wants review of what he terms, "disastrous last minute Bush administration decisions for legal violations, including the six awful land use plans the administration just approved, which open millions of acres of redrock wilderness to oil and gas leasing and ORVs."

Podesta said the Obama team is looking at "virtually every agency to see where we can move forward, whether that's on energy transformation, on improving health care, on stem cell research."

Environmental advocates are looking to the incoming administration with hope. Frances Beinecke, president of the Natural Resources Defense Council, said November 4, 'The election of Barack Obama represents a new day for environmentalists. His election brings an end to eight years of unrelenting assaults on the environment."

"Our staff and members are ready to work with President-elect Obama and the new Congress to advance his 'New Energy for America Plan,' which includes creating five million clean technology jobs, putting a million hybrid cars on the road, and capping carbon emissions," said Beinecke.