位於阿根廷南方丘布特省(Chubut province)的海岸公園於2008年12月正式成立，這個公園預計可保護50萬隻企鵝、數種稀有海鳥和該區特有的南美海獅(South American fur seals)。
丘布特省長奈維斯(Mario Das Neves)說：「這個公園是古老的渴望，是個久遠的夢。不同於國內其他公園，它將守護包含鳥類的40種物種。」
2008年1月，能源公司PAE(Pan American Energy)公佈在丘布特省發現一個大油田，估計每年可供應8千萬到1億桶原油，是目前該省產量的兩倍之多，也是必增加該區野生物種的生存壓力。
野生動物保育協會自1960年代便在巴塔哥尼亞進行物種保育研究，對象包括南露脊鯨(southern right whales)、麥哲倫企鵝、南象海豹和其他特殊物種。
該協會也在火地島(Tierra del Fuego)靠近智利那側規劃74萬英畝的保護區—主要是高盛集團在2004年所捐獻。
A new coastal marine park signed into law by the government of Argentina is the first protected area in the country designed to safeguard areas of ocean where wildlife feed as well as onshore breeding colonies.
The park in southern Argentina's Chubut province became official in December. It protects half a million penguins and several species of rare seabirds as well as the region's only population of South American fur seals.
The park's creation represents a joint effort by the National Parks Service of Argentina, Government of Chubut, and the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society and its local partner Fundacion Patagonia Natural with support from the United Nations Development Programme and the Global Environment Facility.
"The park protects one of the most productive and extraordinary marine ecosystems on the planet," said Dr. Guillermo Harris, director of the Wildlife Conservation Society's Argentina Program. "The creation of this park comes in the nick of time for many species that are threatened by the region's fishing and energy industries."
"It is the realization of an old yearning, of a dream," said Chubut Governor Mario Das Neves. "It is different from other parks in Argentina, protecting 40 species in addition to the birds."
Located in the northern Golfo San Jorge, some 1,056 miles (1,700 kilometers) south of the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires, the protected area covers 250 square miles (647 square kilometers) of coastal waters and nearby islands along almost 100 miles (160 kilometers) of shoreline.
The region serves as a nesting and feeding ground for some quarter million pairs of Magellanic penguins, estimated to represent 25 percent of the entire population in Patagonia.
Its 50 small islands also support two nesting colonies of southern giant petrels that represent over 80 percent of its population on the entire Patagonian coast. Other denizens of this coastal oasis include the endangered Olrog's gull, the white-headed steamer duck, and almost one third of all imperial and rock cormorants of Argentina.
WCS researchers, working with Fundacion Patagonia Natural, provided critical data of key wildlife to ensure that the park's boundaries would include both onshore areas and adjacent waters. Researchers found that the area was in need of protection from increasing pressures by commercial fishing and the oil industry.
While the new park's coastline is still undeveloped, its wildlife has been increasingly threatened by commercial fishing nets, which can entangle birds as they feed.
The wildlife is also threatened by expanding offshore oil drilling and oil pollution from tankers sailing from southern Patagonia to Buenos Aires.
In January 2008, the discovery of a large new oil field in Chubut province was announced by the Anglo-Argentine company Pan American Energy. It is expected to provide an annual yield of between 80 million and 100 million barrels of crude oil, twice a much as the province produces today, increasing the pressure on the area's wildlife.
WCS has been active in Patagonia since the 1960s, conducting studies for the conservation of southern right whales, Magellanic penguins, southern elephant seals, and other unique wildlife.
The conservation organization manages some 740,000 acres of wilderness on the Chilean side of Tierra del Fuego, part of a major donation of land made by Goldman Sachs in 2004.
Mitsubishi Corporation Foundation for the Americas has provided funding for the creation of this coastal protected area and for WCS's multi-faceted efforts to safeguard coastal Patagonia.