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刺激經濟成長 日韓提環保投資計劃

2009年01月15日
摘譯自2009年1月12日ENS美國,紐約報導;謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

位於日本Hokkaido西岸之風車。圖片提供:NREL。日韓兩國日前雙雙宣佈,將在相關環保企劃上投入上億美金,以創造就業機會和刺激經濟成長,而此舉也被聯合國視為對其推動的綠色新政打入一劑強心針。

日本已公佈一項計劃,目的在藉由推動控制全球暖化的措施來刺激國內經濟,由日本環境部長齊藤哲夫(Tetsuo Saito)所宣佈的措施,以擴展綠色商業市場和創造100萬個新就業機會為主要目標。齊藤部長表示,包括提供環境友善企業零利率貸款、鼓勵消費者購買低二氧化碳排放量的汽車和房屋等等,都是相關的措施。

韓國部分則會在未來4年內投入380億美元的資金,推動一系列生態友善計劃,進而創造960萬個工作機會,以奠定經濟成長的基礎。

韓國的36項計劃包括建立環保運輸網絡、興建200萬戶節能環保房屋以及清理國內4條主要河川。

聯合國環境規劃署(UNEP)2008年10月時發起全球綠色新政和綠色經濟倡議,作為目前經濟困境的對抗手段,以及進入低碳、低衝擊、增加就業機會和完善全球經濟管理的跳板。

UNEP行政主任史坦納(Achim Steiner)表示:「對清淨科技、再生能源、鐵路系統和單車路徑等公共建設、以及河流水路系統和森林等自然取向服務進行投資,不僅能對抗經濟衰退和失業,同時也為21世紀的經濟復甦和成長進入永續階段。」

日韓兩大亞洲主要經濟體所做出的行動,是跟隨美國新任總統歐巴馬所提出的方案,例如在其內任落實數十億美元的乾淨能源計劃,藉此創造上百萬的就業機會。

Japan, South Korea Plan Green Investments for Economic Growth
NEW YORK, New York, January 12, 2009 (ENS)

Japan and South Korea each have announced that they will invest billions of dollars in green projects to create jobs and spur economic growth, in what the United Nations says is the latest sign that its Green New Deal is gaining momentum.

Japan has announced a program aimed at stimulating the economy by promoting measures to curb global warming. Measures announced by Environment Minister Tetsuo Saito Thursday aim to expand the green business market and create up to one million new jobs.

Saito said measures include zero-interest rate loans for environmentally-friendly companies and promotion of the purchase of vehicles and housing with low carbon dioxide emissions.

South Korea will invest $US38 billion over the next four years in a series of eco-friendly projects to create 960,000 new jobs and lay the groundwork for economic growth.

The 36 Korean projects include the creation of green transport networks, the provision of two million energy-saving green homes and the cleanup of the country's four main rivers.

In October, the UN Environment Programme launched the Global Green New Deal and Green Economy Initiative as both an antidote to current economic woes and as a springboard to a low carbon, low impact, high job generating and better-managed global economy.

UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner said, "Investments in clean-tech and renewable energy; infrastructure such as railways and cycle tracks and nature-based services like river systems and forests, can not only counter recession and unemployment but can also set the stage for more sustainable economic recovery and growth in the 21st century."

The move by Japan and South Korea - two of Asia's major economies - follows U.S. President-elect Barack Obama's plans to implement a multi-billion clean energy program during his presidency in a bid to create millions of jobs.