振興經濟 歐巴馬、哈波聯手推動潔淨能源 | 環境資訊中心

振興經濟 歐巴馬、哈波聯手推動潔淨能源

2009年02月24日
摘譯自2009年2月19日ENS加拿大,安大略省報導;楊佳珊編譯;莫聞審校

歐巴馬與哈波正討論能源潔淨政策 圖片提供:Office of the Prime Minister美國總統歐巴馬與加拿大總理哈波(Stephen Harper)於2月19日聲明將會共同推動新的潔淨能源經濟,預期將成為大幅復甦經濟的關鍵因素,並為美國與加拿大兩國再添友好關係。

歐巴馬在加拿大渥太華的國會新聞室中表示,「我很重視與加拿大的策略結盟,並期待與總理哈波密切合作,以藉由推動潔淨能源經濟解決全球景氣蕭條問題、增加工作機會、保護環境,以及達成我們共同的目標來因應國家安全危機。」

首相哈波表示,「歐巴馬總統和我都認為我們的國家應立即採取行動恢復經濟成長,像是降低稅賦、確保振興經濟的預算與相關融資釋出等。另外,我們也贊同要在環境保護與全球安全兩方面加強合作。」

鑑於雙方過去在環境保護及能源交易與科技上的合作經驗,歐巴馬與哈波兩位領導人都認同,環保與潔淨能源的發展必定是緊密相連,無論是原計畫的擴展或新的研究計畫,他們都願意合力開發高回報的機會。「我們兩國將就雙方的能源議題交換意見,指派資深官員在潔淨能源科學與科技的發展上協力合作,減少溫室氣體排放並對抗氣候變遷問題。」哈波說道。

「為了恢復經濟並考量到安全及環境因素,如何生產及運用能源是相當重要的基礎。」歐巴馬表示,「而我們知道無法孤軍奮戰解決問題,所以這就是為什麼我們要革新合作關係,以迎向21世紀所需要的能源需求。」

「今天我們建立的潔淨能源經濟將會加強往後我們的聯合研究與開發。」歐巴馬說道,「屆時減碳科技將會更進一步,另外還可以支援電力網的發展,未來便能透過電力網將潔淨再生能源輸送至加拿大與美國地區的家庭與企業。而按照這樣的步驟以及兩國間持續協商,美國與加拿大允諾將會極力對抗氣候變遷造成的威脅。」

目前美國與加拿大已在能源研究這方面有所合作,其中包括新一代生質能源、清潔引擎及能源效率等。

歐巴馬與哈波兩位領導人於2月19日簽屬合約,聲明新潔淨能源經濟將把焦點放在碳捕集與儲存科技,而他們對此表示,「該科技極可能減少溫室氣體排放,就如同我們利用自有的能源資源來提振經濟一樣。」

而為了刺激碳捕集與儲存這項關鍵性科技加速進步,兩國將會在燃煤發電場針對碳捕集與封存科技的研究與實際範例進行整合。

Obama and Harper Establish Clean Energy Dialogue
OTTAWA, Ontario, Canada, February 19, 2009 (ENS)

President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Stephen Harper today announced plans to collaborate on a new clean energy economy as a key element of broader economic recovery and reinvestment efforts between the United States and Canada.

"I value our strategic partnership with Canada and look forward to working closely with the Prime Minister to address the global economic recession and create jobs, to protect our environment through promoting clean energy technologies, and achieve our shared goals in responding to international security challenges," said President Obama at a press conference in the Reading Room at Parliament in Ottawa.

"The President and I agree that both our countries must take immediate action to restore economic growth by lowering taxes, ensuring access to credit and unleashing spending that stimulates economic growth. We also agreed to strengthen our cooperation in the areas of environmental protection and global security," said Prime Minister Harper.

Noting the history of bilateral co-operation on continental environmental protection and energy trade and technology, the two leaders agreed that environmental protection and the development of clean energy are inextricably linked. They agreed to collaborate on high-return opportunities for expanded and new joint research.

"We are establishing a U.S.-Canada clean energy dialogue which commits senior officials from both countries to collaborate on the development of clean energy science and technologies that will reduce greenhouse gases and combat climate change," Harper said.

"How we produce and use energy is fundamental to our economic recovery, but also our security and our planet," Obama said. "And we know that we can't afford to tackle these issues in isolation. And that's why we're updating our collaboration on energy to meet the needs of the 21st century."

"The clean energy dialogue that we've established today will strengthen our joint research and development," the President said. "It will advance carbon reduction technologies and it will support the development of an electric grid that can help deliver the clean and renewable energy of the future to homes and businesses, both in Canada and the United States. And through this example, and through continued international negotiations, the United States and Canada are committed to confronting the threat posed by climate change."

The United States and Canada are already collaborating on energy research related to advanced biofuels, clean engines, and energy efficiency.

The leaders signed a document today stating that the new clean energy dialogue will focus on carbon capture and storage technology, which they said "holds enormous potential to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions as we use our own energy resources to power our economy."

To spur rapid progress in this critical technology, the two nations will coordinate research and demonstrations of carbon capture and sequestration technology at coal-fired plants.