三、生質物作物協助方案（Biomass Crop Assistance Program）：美國農業部在此方案中提出一項新規定，以將生質能轉化為生質能與生質基質產品（bio-based product）。農業部則對未來生質燃料與再生能源的商業化提供補助、貸款或其它金融支持。此農業部規定請參閱此。
President Barack Obama has moved to increase America's renewable fuels production, turn biomass into bioenergy, and capture and store the greenhouse gases produced by coal-burning power plants. At the same time, the administration released the first report of the Biofuels Interagency Working Group showing that the country is falling short of biofuel production targets mandated by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.
At a meeting with a bipartisan group of governors at the White House Wednesday, the President said these three measures will work in tandem to boost biofuels production, reduce America's dependence on foreign oil, foster new industries and create millions of jobs.
President Obama said the country will benefit from taking these steps now without waiting for Congress to pass a clean energy and climate bill. The House of Representatives passed its bill, the Waxman-Markey bill, last June, but a companion bill is still pending in the Senate.
The three energy measures Obama announced Wednesday span at least nine federal agencies and offices and are expected to benefit rural economies financially.
1. Renewable Fuels Standard: The U.S. EPA has finalized a rule implementing the long-term renewable fuels mandate of 36 billion gallons by 2022 established by Congress. The Renewable Fuels Standard requires biofuels production to grow from last year's 11.1 billion gallons to 36 billion gallons in 2022, with 21 billion gallons to come from advanced biofuels.
2. Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage: President Obama issued a Memorandum establishing an Interagency Task Force on Carbon Capture and Storage, CCS, to speed the development and deployment of cleaner coal technologies by controlling emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. The Task Force has 180 days to develop a plan to overcome the barriers to affordable CCS within 10 years, with a goal of bringing five to 10 commercial demonstration projects on line by 2016.
3. Biomass Crop Assistance Program: The U.S. Department of Agriculture has proposed a rule for Biomass Crop Assistance Program to convert biomass to bioenergy and bio-based products. USDA provides grants, loans and other financial support to further biofuels and renewable energy commercialization. Click here to read the USDA rule:
Last May, President Obama established the Biofuels Interagency Working Group to develop a comprehensive approach to accelerating the investment in and production of American biofuels and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. On Wednesday, the Working Group released its first report, "Growing America's Fuel," a new U.S. Government strategy for meeting or beating the country's biofuel targets. Click here to read the full report:
The report states, "The U.S. is producing 12 billion gallons per year of biofuels, mostly from corn grain ethanol, but we are not on a trajectory to reach the Congressional 36 billion gallons per year goal by 2022 or to meet the 100 million gallons cellulosic biofuels target in 2010."
The report blames the global economic downturn for the lack of sufficient progress, saying, "The recession has raised significant barriers to private sector capital financing and investment in new biofuels production."
Predicting that advanced next generation biofuels will be one of the most important U.S. industries in the 21st century, the report finds that many next generation biofuels feedstock and process technologies that are promising at bench scale are just beginning to be developed through the scale-up process.