魚類暨野生動物管理署在本週公佈的計畫：《迫在眉睫的挑戰：面對氣候變遷加速的回應策略》(Rising to the Urgent Challenge: Strategic Plan for Responding to Accelerating Climate Change.)中表示，「氣候變遷不是個遠在天邊的威脅，它發生在此時此刻。」
這項計畫達到非政府組織野生動物保育團體的認可。非營利組織野生物保衛者組織(Defenders of Wildlife)執行副總裁以及柯林頓執政時期前美國魚類暨野生動物管理署署長克拉克(Jamie Rappaport Clark)，稱這個計畫跨出了「重要的第一步」。
There is an "urgent need" for a comprehensive national strategy that government agencies can follow to help wildlife adapt to the "unprecedented threat posed by global warming," the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service says in a new far-reaching strategic plan.
"Climate change is not a distant threat; it is occurring here and now," the agency says in the plan released this week, titled "Rising to the Urgent Challenge: Strategic Plan for Responding to Accelerating Climate Change."
"Not only is climate change occurring exceptionally quickly, it is also accelerating," the Service warns. "If the world changes too quickly many species will not have the time to adapt."
"The Service's plan is both a call to arms and a clear roadmap for action," Strickland said. "It is firmly rooted in sound science, an adaptive, landscape-scale conservation approach, and collaboration with partners."
As a result of the growing abundance of these greenhouse gases, the global average air temperature has risen steadily over several decades, particularly since the 1950s, the Service points out. The first decade of the 21st century has proven to be the hottest decade since scientists began recording global temperatures in the 1880s, with the 1990s ranking as the second hottest.
"The unmistakable signs of a rapidly changing climate are everywhere - melting glaciers, heat waves, rising seas, flowers blooming earlier, lakes freezing later, migratory birds delaying their flights south," the Service warns. "No geographic region is immune."
The task of responding to the warming climate is immense. The Fish and Wildlife Service is part of the Department of the Interior, which manages one-fifth of the land in the country and manages water supplies for more than 30 million people.
Fish and Wildlife Service Acting Director Rowan Gould says the strategy has been shaped by more than 18 months of intensive work and input from employees, as well as comments from partners, and the public submitted during a two-month comment period last fall.
"That input has given focus and clarity to the plan's discussion of key climate adaptation efforts such as a National Fish and Wildlife Climate Adaptation Strategy, Landscape Conservation Cooperatives, and species and habitat vulnerability assessments," Gould says.
"Support from our partners and the American public is critical, because climate change is a challenge that is too large for any one agency, department, or government to tackle alone," said Gould.
The Fish and Wildlife Service strategic plan has three key elements:
˙Adaptation - helping to reduce the impacts of climate change on fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats
˙Mitigation - taking actions to reduce greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere
˙Engagement - reaching out to Service employees, local, national and international partners in the public and private sectors, key constituencies and stakeholders and the general public to join forces and seek solutions to the challenges posed by climate change to fish and wildlife conservation.
The plan meets with the approval of wildlife conservation NGOs. Jamie Rappaport Clark, executive vice president of the nonprofit Defenders of Wildlife and a former director of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service during the Clinton administration, calls the new plan "an essential first step."
"Defenders looks forward to working closely with the Service as it implements this plan," said Clark. "All federal agencies must incorporate measures to prevent and respond to climate change in their operations. Now, more than ever, we need a national strategy to guide and coordinate efforts to help wildlife and natural resources adapt to life in a warming world."
An accompanying action plan details steps the Service is taking now and plans to take during the next five years to implement the strategic plan, such as identifying the most vulnerable species.
One task is to develop a 50 year national strategy to serve as the conservation community's shared blueprint to guide long-term wildlife adaptation partnerships.
Creation of a national biological inventory and monitoring partnership also is part of the action plan.
"Climate change is altering our planet in ways we have never seen, and requires a fundamental shift in how we think and act to achieve conservation in the 21st century," Clark said. "The Fish and Wildlife Service's Strategic Plan provides the necessary framework for changing the Service's conservation approach, and sets an example for the rest of the federal government for confronting the challenges of climate change."