|巴西Yanomami保留區首領Davi Kupenawa Yanomami。圖片來源：Senado Federal。（CC BY 2.0）|
Roraima, Rondônia, São Paulo, Amazonas、Pará約150名聯邦警方，協同巴西環境保護和再生自然資源機構（IBAMA）展開拘提行動。國營電視台Agencia Brasil報導，這項拘提主要是針對在Roraim的Yanomami保留區內的盜採礦石問題。
Hutukara Yanomami Association公共政策協調家Dário Vitório Kopenawa談到，「所有原始保留地都有許多問題，像是瘧疾、腹瀉和其他疾病。在Yanomami保育地則是非法採礦，各方入侵者及礦商大肆開發，河川被採礦用的水銀汙染了。」
Federal Police officers from the states of Roraima, Rondônia, São Paulo, Amazonas, and Pará were marshaled Thursday to serve 313 warrants against people suspected of clandestine gold and gemstone mining on indigenous lands
The law enforcement operation is chiefly aimed at illegal mining in the Yanomami indigenous reserve in Roraima, reports the state-run Agencia Brasil.
About 150 Federal Police are involved in serving the warrants, assisted by officers of the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources, IBAMA.
Yanomami leader Davi Kupenawa Yanomami addresses Brazil’s Senate during a special session aimed at honoring indigenous peoples April 16, 2015. (Photo courtesy Federal Senate of Brazil)
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The crackdown comes less than one month after the Yanomami leader Davi Kopenawa and other indigenous leaders attended a special session of the Brazilian Senate held to honor indigenous peoples.
The crackdown operation is called Warari Koxi, in a reference to a Yanomami expression used for criticizing the destruction or harmful interference with a healthy environment. The Yanomami are the largest relatively isolated tribe in South America. They inhabit the rainforests and mountains of northern Brazil and southern Venezuela.
The illegal scheme on Yanomami land targeted by this investigation involved business leaders, public servants, goldminers, jewelers, and aircraft pilots.
Together they opened mining sites for gold, gemstones, and other minerals within indigenous reserves, particularly in northern Roraima.
Suspects will be charged with illegal extraction of natural resources, criminal conspiracy, misappropriation of national resources, receipt of stolen property, bribery, breach of public service confidentiality, smuggling and money laundering, among other charges.
Indigenous lands belong to the Brazilian State, and water and mineral resources in these areas can only be exploited with official permission.
Investigators estimate that the group obtained a monthly average 160 kilograms of gold through illegal mining.
Besides the environmental damage, the illegal activity may have cost the Brazilian Treasury as much as $5.6 million. Police also suspect that some of the gold was used for money laundering.
The investigators were stunned by the rapid destruction of the mined areas.
“How devastating the mining activity has been to the ecosystem, polluting rivers with mercury and other heavy metals, destroying the wildlife and the Yanomami culture,” said IBAMA.
Dário Vitório Kopenawa, the public policy coordinator for the Hutukara Yanomami Association, said, “There are many problems in all indigenous areas. There’s malaria, diarrhea, and other diseases. In the Yanomami reserve, one such problem is mining on site, which opens the door to intruders and goldminers who pollute our rivers with mercury.”