氣候暖化效應 歐洲海洋生物大遷移 | 環境資訊中心

氣候暖化效應 歐洲海洋生物大遷移

2007年03月08日
摘譯自2007年3月5日ENS比利時,布魯日報導;謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

Hemigrapsus penicillatus蟹在比利時海岸消失(圖片來源: VLIZ)最新研究發現,歐洲海洋生物已受到全球暖化的影響。大西洋的生物開始居住到極地生物習慣棲息的北部海域,亞熱帶生物則是往南移居到以往溫帶生物的棲息地。

歐洲科學基金會海洋委員會2日公佈的研究報告「氣候變遷對於歐洲海洋與海岸環境的影響-生態措施」指出,即使是目前較為緩和的氣候變化,都已經對歐洲海洋環境產生影響。

此項為期2年的研究是由荷蘭皇家海洋研究所海洋生態學家、「氣候變遷對於歐洲海洋與海岸環境的影響」歐洲工作小組主席-菲力派特博士所領導的團隊所進行。

研究也發現,北極海面以及巴倫支海覆蓋冰層的下降,已經對海洋生物的棲息地造成明顯的溫度變化,在這些海域所進行的開放式監控系統架構,證實了氣候變遷導致海洋生物向更北邊的海域遷徙。

European Marine Species Displaced by Warming Climate
BRUGES, Belgium, March 5, 2007 (ENS)

European marine species are feeling the effects of global warming, new research reveals. Atlantic species are beginning to inhabit the more northern seas where Arctic species have traditionally lived, and subtropical species are moving into southern waters, previously the habitat of temperate species.

The latest European Science Foundation-Marine Board study report released Friday, "Impact of climate change on European marine and coastal environment - Ecosystem approach," shows that even the current moderate climate scenarios have had consequences for the European marine environment.

The two year study was conducted by a team led by marine ecologist Dr. Katja Philippart from the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, who chairs the European working group Climate Change Impacts on the European Marine and Coastal Environment.

The decline in sea ice cover in the northern Arctic and Barents Seas has triggered the most obvious temperature changes for marine life, the study finds. The open systems structure of these seas demonstrates how climate changes are causing further northward movement of marine organisms.