補助預算遭削減 美國家野生動物保護系統恐癱瘓 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

補助預算遭削減 美國家野生動物保護系統恐癱瘓

2007年03月15日
摘譯自2007年3月12日ENS美國,華盛頓特區報導;謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

因布希刪減野保預算,美國野生動物保護系統面臨癱瘓(圖為山貓Bobcat)(圖片來源: USFWS)由於布希政府給的預算比前一年少許多,美國魚類與野生動物保護局針對橫跨西南部和太平洋區域的國家野生動物保護系統,進行人事的調整和縮編。行政人員的減少,將會對亞利桑那州、新墨西哥州、俄克拉荷馬州、德州、愛達荷州、奧勒崗州、華盛頓州、夏威夷、關島和少數太平洋群島的保護區產生影響。

因人員的縮減,學童的環境教育計劃將被取消,瀕危物種復育計劃削減,棲息地管理和法規執行的成效也將被削弱。在勞動力計劃列出的縮減細目中,太平洋保育區將保留32個職缺,到了會計年度2009年時,會再削減17個工作,亦即最終總共有49個職位被取消。因為這些人員的縮減,28處保護區,或相當於該地區44%的保護範圍,將會完全沒有人員管理,另外1/3,相當於21處的保護區,將會進行下一步的縮減。

此計劃削減了太平洋地區近1/4的生物學家,癱瘓了野保局監控與復育野生物數量的能力。積極管理野生物棲息地的1/4人員也將被予以取消,進而導致40項入侵物種控制和溼地復育計劃,遭到縮減或完全中止。

Underfunding Cripples U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System
WASHINGTON, DC, March 12, 2007 (ENS)

In an attempt to cope with a huge budget backlog, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is cutting and redeploying staff in the National Wildlife Refuge System across the Southwest and the Pacific Regions. Reductions in services will impact refuges in Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Idaho, Oregon, Washington, Hawaii, Guam and several Pacific islands.

As a result of the cuts, environmental education programs for school children will be eliminated, there will be cuts in endangered species recovery programs, habitat management and law enforcement will be diminished. According to the workforce plan that outlines the cuts, the Pacific region is leaving 32 positions vacant and will eliminate another 17 jobs by fiscal year 2009, resulting in a total of 49 eliminated positions. Because of these staffing cuts, 28 refuges, or 44 percent of the refuges in the region, will remain completely unstaffed and 21 refuges, or one-third of the refuges in the region, will experience further reductions.

The plan calls for the elimination of almost a quarter of the biologists in the Pacific region, crippling the wildlife agency's ability to monitor and restore wildlife populations. One quarter of the staff that actively manages habitat will also be eliminated, causing over 40 invasive species control projects and wetland restoration projects to be reduced or abolished outright.