提5兆美元氣候基金 民主黨總統參選人歐洛克喊出「2050淨零排放」 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

提5兆美元氣候基金 民主黨總統參選人歐洛克喊出「2050淨零排放」

2019年05月03日
環境資訊中心外電;姜唯 翻譯;林大利 審校;稿源:ENS
*編按:有人稱他是「甘迺迪2.0」,也有人以「歐巴馬2.0」稱呼他,不難看出美國民主黨總統參選人歐洛克(Beto O'Rourke)的群眾魅力;他的政見提及氣候變遷危機、流露環境意識,並在前天(1日)簽下「No Fossil Fuel Money」承諾,成為美國民主黨內12位拒絕化石燃料企業捐款的參選人之一。
美國民主黨總統候選人歐洛克(Beto O'Rourke)。圖片來源:Luke Harold(CC0 1.0)
美國民主黨總統參選人歐洛克(Beto O'Rourke)。圖片來源:Luke Harold(CC0 1.0)

美國民主黨總統參選人歐洛克(Beto O'Rourke)提出十年5兆美元氣候行動計畫,目標2050年達到淨零排放。

「氣候變遷是我們面臨的最大威脅。考驗我們的國家,我們的民主,以及我們每一個人。」歐洛克29日選擇在優勝美地國家公園宣布他的計畫,「我們生活的現實已經扭曲變形,長期無所行動不僅影響了我們的氣候,而且導致緊急狀況日益惡化,開始削弱我們的經濟和公共衛生,加劇不平等,並威脅我們的安全和保障。」

歐洛克是前美國國會議員(2013年1月3日-2019年1月3日),來自德克薩斯州邊境城市埃爾帕索。他憂心氣候變遷成本將達到數兆美元,造成生命損失、生計受到破壞。

川普總統稱氣候變遷是「中國人發明的騙局」,並退出了「巴黎氣候協定」。民主黨全國委員會則主張,「川普選擇忽視科學界對氣候變遷的共識,將國家的健康、安全和經濟置於險境」。

歐洛克說若他當選總統,將在上任的第一天就透過行政命令減少污染。

美國民主黨總統候選人歐洛克(Beto O'Rourke)
美國民主黨總統參選人歐洛克(照片居中者)。

他的第一項立法將啟動10年5兆美元計畫,投資1.5兆美元於基礎建設,歐洛克稱之為「全球有史以來規模最大的氣候變遷投資」。

5兆美元將來自稅法結構性變化產生的收入,確保企業和富人公平支付其份額,同時結束現在對石油、天然氣和煤炭的數百億美元的企業稅收減免。

歐洛克的其他環境行動包括:

*重新簽署巴黎協定,並為2030年及往後更積極的全球計畫進行談判。

*首次減少石油和天然氣產業既有污染源的甲烷洩漏,並迅速淘汰氫氟碳化物,這種超級污染溫室氣體效果比二氧化碳高出9000倍。

*加強對發電廠的空污和危險廢棄物排放限制及燃油經濟標準,節省消費者資金和改善公共健康,同時加速零排放車輛普及化。

*透過新的、現代化的、積極的設備和建築效率標準,節省消費者成本。

*引進全新技術和市場,使農民和牧場主能夠從減少溫室氣體排放中獲益。

*首次利用5000億美元的年度政府採購幫助所有產業脫碳,包括採購「乾淨」鋼鐵、玻璃和水泥。

*要求所有聯邦許可決策充分考量氣候成本和社區影響。

*為聯邦土地設定第一個2030年淨零排放碳預算,停止核發新化石燃料租約,改變租稅以反映氣候成本,加速再生能源的開發和造林。

Beto O’Rourke’s $5 Trillion Climate Crisis Plan
YOSEMITE NATIONAL PARK, California, April 29, 2019 (ENS)

Democratic presidential hopeful Beto O’Rourke today proposed a climate change action plan that would mobilize $5 trillion over 10 years, require net-zero emissions by 2050 and address “the greatest threat” facing the human race.

“Climate change is the greatest threat we face,” O’Rourke said today, announcing his plan today at Yosemite National Park, “one which will test our country, our democracy, and every single one of us.”

“We are living in a transformed reality, where our longstanding inaction has not only impacted our climate but led to a growing emergency that has already started to sap our economic prosperity and public health – worsening inequality and threatening our safety and security,” said O’Rourke, a former U.S. congressman (January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2019) who hails from the border city of El Paso, Texas.

He worries that the costs of climate change will measure in the tens of trillions of dollars, in lives lost, and livelihoods devastated and destroyed.

President Donald Trump has called climate change “a hoax invented by the Chinese,” and withdrawn from the Paris Climate Agreement. The Democratic National Committee says that “by choosing to ignore the consensus of the scientific community on climate change,” Trump is “putting our country’s health, security, and economy at risk.”

As president, O’Rourke says he would begin to cut pollution with executive actions on his first day in office.

His first piece of legislation would initiate a 10-year mobilization of $5 trillion directly leveraged by a fully paid-for $1.5 trillion investment, a plan he calls, “the world’s largest-ever climate change investment in infrastructure, innovation, and in our people and communities.”

The $5 trillion would be funded with the revenues generated by structural changes to the tax code that ensure corporations and the wealthiest people pay their fair share and that the U.S. ends the tens of billions of dollars of tax breaks now given to oil, gas and coal companies.

More than just a climate plan, O’Rouke’s proposal sets out other actions he would take to protect the environment. He would:

• Re-enter the Paris Agreement and lead the negotiations for an even more ambitious global plan for 2030 and beyond;

• Reduce methane leakage from existing sources in the oil and natural gas industry for the first time and rapidly phase-out hydrofluorocarbons, the super-polluting greenhouse gases that are up to 9,000 times worse for climate change than carbon dioxide;

• Strengthen the clean air and hazardous waste limits for power plants and fuel economy standards that save consumers money and improve public health, while setting a trajectory to rapidly accelerate the adoption of zero-emission vehicles;

• Increase consumer savings through new, modernized, and ambitious appliance- and building-efficiency standards;

• Create unprecedented access to the technologies and markets that allow farmers and ranchers to profit from the reductions in greenhouse gas emissions they secure;

• Leverage $500 billion in annual government procurement to decarbonize across all sectors for the first time, including a new “buy clean” program for steel, glass, and cement;

• Require any federal permitting decision to fully account for climate costs and community impacts;

• Set a first-ever, net-zero emissions by 2030 carbon budget for federal lands, stopping new fossil fuel leases, changing royalties to reflect climate costs, and accelerating renewables development and forestation.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。