保護鱘魚數量 裏海各國重新調整撈捕配額 | 環境資訊中心

保護鱘魚數量 裏海各國重新調整撈捕配額

2007年08月23日
摘譯自2007年8月20日ENS土庫曼,阿什哈巴特報導;謝芳怡、林盈秀編譯;蔡麗伶審校

大鱘魚在裡海變得很罕見。(圖片來源: CITES)由中亞地區新聞人員所組成的中亞新聞網分析員表示,鄰近裏海的國家若要保護自身的鱘魚庫存量,勢必需採行一套共同政策,強行限制非法捕撈和減少環境破壞,但要實現各國間的合作關係仍是一條漫長的路。

8月11日在阿什哈巴特所召開的裏海生物資源會議上,裏海各國代表同意制訂一套新的鱘魚捕撈配額制度。

土庫曼、哈薩克、亞塞拜然、俄羅斯和伊朗皆與裏海接壤,4國也都會捕撈不同的鱘魚種類來生產魚肉和魚子醬。全球將近90%的黑魚子醬來自裏海。

現有的配額制度中不包括伊朗在內,主要透過各國的漁獲庫存來分配捕撈額度,俄羅斯為70%,哈薩克18%,土庫曼和亞塞拜然則各為6%。伊朗的捕獲量不包括在這些比例中,不過伊朗生產超過50%的裏海魚子醬。

而新的分配制度將會納入伊朗,並採用新的分配標準,例如考量各國打擊非法捕魚罪犯,以及減少對海洋生物和沿岸地區環境破壞的成效。

伊朗農業部副部長及漁業組織主席內札米(Sha’ban-Ali Nezami)在阿什哈巴特的會議表示,伊朗需要減少在裏海的鱘魚捕撈,以保護魚群數量。他還說伊朗寧可提高鱘魚養殖業的產量。

即使此配額制度是為了保護魚群數量,但是盜捕仍佔總漁獲量至少70%。此外,華盛頓公約(CITES)指出,許多鱘魚是因工業的石油污染而死。

中亞新聞的專家學者指出,裏海各國迫切需要一套嚴格的共同政策,來控管非法捕魚和環境破壞的行為,但要徹底地落實這項政策,這些國家必須先解決長久以來裏海所有權的爭議。

Caspian States to Revise Sturgeon Quotas
ASHGABAT, Turkmenistan, August 20, 2007 (ENS)

依朗的魚子醬。(圖片來源: Pilot Guides)The countries around the Caspian Sea must adopt a common policy to clamp down on poaching and reduce environmental damage if they are protect sturgeon stocks, but effective cooperation is still a long way off, say analysts from NBCentralAsia, a network of journalists from across the region.

Representatives from the Caspian states agreed to work out a new quota distribution system for sturgeon fishing during a regular meeting of the Commission on the Biological Resources of the Caspian Sea held on August 11 in Ashgabat.

Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Russia and Iran all border the Caspian Sea, and catch various species of sturgeon for their flesh and caviar. Up to 90 percent of the world's black caviar comes from the Caspian region.

The current system, which excludes Iran, allots fishing quotas according to the contribution each state makes to replenishing stocks. Russia's quota is 70 percent, Kazakstan's is 18 percent and Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan have around six percent each. Iran's catch is not included in these percentages, although Iran is responsible for more than half the Caspian's caviar production.

The new system would involve Iran, too, and would incorporate added criteria such as the efforts each country puts into tackling poachers and limiting environmental damage to marine life and coastal areas.

Iran called for reduction of sturgeon fishing in the Caspian Sea to protect the fish stocks, said Iranian Deputy Minister of Agriculture and head of the Fishery Organization Sha'ban-Ali Nezami, who was in Ashgabat for the meeting. Iran prefers raising sturgeon by aquaculture, he said.

Even though the quota system is designed to preserve stocks, poachers still account for at least 70 percent of the total catch. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, CITES, says that large numbers of sturgeon are dying because of oil pollution from industry.

NBCentralAsia experts say that the Caspian countries urgently need to adopt a strict common policy on poaching and environmental damage. But for this to work properly, they will need to resolve their long-running dispute over ownership of the sea.

全文及圖片詳見ENS

作者

林盈秀

林盈秀,曾任職於綠建築顧問公司,2019年台達英國環境獎學金得主。英國里茲大學企業永續研究所畢,研究方向為企業永續發展與綠色金融。

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance's planet.