巴西總統魯拉（Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva）20日向全球百位國會議員致詞時表示，富裕國家應為保育亞馬遜雨林成立基金，以對抗全球暖化。世界前20大林業公司的資深主管也在會議中做出宣佈，2015年之前熱帶林業將得到永續森林認證的管理。
巴西利亞國會議員氣候變遷論壇為期兩天，於巴西利亞舉行，這是一系列重要世界氣候論壇的最新會議，也是直屬於八大工業國（G8）的相關活動。會議由巴西國會主辦，「全球議員環境平衡組織（GLOBE International)）與「永續發展溝通聯盟（Com+ Alliance）」2大團體發起。
珍木（Precious Woods）公司是巴西與中非最重要的林木商之一，公司總裁葛特（Andres Gut）表示，「林業公司的生計仰賴完整的熱帶森林，身為高層主管，我們了解也承認熱帶森林被砍伐破壞所帶來的問題。我們深信熱帶林業仍然會是重要的經濟活動，但必須在永續化的基礎上，配合恰當的認證系統進行。」
世界銀行副總裁，主導永續發展的賽拉 （Katherine Sierra）對此評論，「林木的出產國與進口國必須站到永續化的最前線，支持承擔社會與環境責任的各種措施。這些主要林業公司與主管提出的決議，是非常關鍵的一步。」
To combat global warming, the rich countries must create a fund to conserve the Amazon rainforest, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva told 100 parliamentarians from around the world Thursday in Brasilia. At the meeting, senior executives of 20 of the world's largest forestry companies announced that tropical forestry would be based on certified sustainable forest management by the year 2015.
The two day Brasilia Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change is the latest in a series of key global forums on climate change that link directly to the Group of Eight, G8, process. It was hosted by the Brazilian Congress on behalf of GLOBE International and the Alliance of Communicators for Sustainable Development.
Legislators attended from the G8 countries - Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the UK, and the United States - as well as from the emerging economies of Brazil, China, India, South Africa and Mexico. The lawmakers met to draw up proposals for addressing climate change to be taken to the next G8 meeting in July in Japan.
During his speech, President Lula argued that in addition to meeting their own emission targets the developed countries should support the climate change and forest conservation efforts that are already being undertaken by Brazil because they benefit the entire planet.
Lula suggested that the wealthy countries pay the costs of reducing deforestation and the protection of forests by means of voluntary contribution, a proposal he has made at the past two United Nations climate change conferences in Nairobi in 2006 and in Bali in 2007.
The forestry executives have been participating in GLOBE’s ongoing dialogue on Illegal Logging and Sustainable Forestry along with senior lawmakers and representatives of civil society and international organizations. More than US$15 billion dollars are estimated to be lost per year in government revenues to developing countries due to illegal logging practices.
"As senior executives of companies dependent on the integrity of tropical forests we understand and acknowledge the problems caused by tropical deforestation and degradation," said Andres Gut, chairman of Precious Woods, a major timber producer in Brazil and Central Africa. "We firmly believe that tropical timber production remains a vital economic activity but only when conducted on a sustainable basis and certified accordingly."
The vision set out by the forestry CEOs is based on six pillars:
。Credibly certified sustainable forest management
。Forest revenue generation that includes timber, non-timber products, and ecosystem services
。Collaboration between forest enterprises and local communities
。Coherent and efficient markets for forestry products worldwide
。Technology transfer to enable value-adding in timber producing countries to boost job creation
。Financing mechanisms tailored to the needs of the source countries
"This step from the industry will need to be matched by political commitments to develop new financing mechanisms that recognize the true value of forests, within ecosystems services,” said GLOBE’s Forestry Dialogue Chairman Barry Gardiner MP, who has been working closely with this group of forestry CEOs.
With the increased political focus on the role of forests, in particular following the UN Bali Conference climate agreement that set a Road Map for achieving a successor to the Kyoto Protocol after it expires in 2012, the forestry CEOs wanted to look at how their sector will change and the potential impacts on their business models.
The CEOs propose policy measures to be implemented now - improvements to public procurement policies in producer and consumer countries, specific legislation, access to capital, protection for investors, transparency, value-added processing, and development assistance.
They recommend developing new mechanisms in areas such as global product licensing, ecosystem service markets, and incentives for avoiding deforestation.
Commenting on the forestry executives' statement, Katherine Sierra, vice president of sustainable development with the World Bank, said, "It is critical for producers and importers of timber to move their business to the forefront of sustainability by endorsing socially and environmentally responsible practices. This statement of leading companies and their CEOs represents a significant step forward."
More information on GLOBE is online at: http://www.globeinternational.org