綠色和平:買一塊麥克雞=咬一口亞馬遜雨林 | 環境資訊中心

綠色和平:買一塊麥克雞=咬一口亞馬遜雨林

2006年04月11日
ENS英國,倫敦報導;江昱均、蘇家億編譯;莫聞審校

6日早上在英國有十多隻7英呎高的「雞」闖入數家麥當勞,並把牠們自己栓在椅子上。綠色和平組織6日以衛星照片、空拍、先前未公開的政府文件及實地監測之具體證據,對麥當勞提出指控,聲稱該公司是破壞亞馬遜雨林的始作俑者之一。綠色和平指出,他們追蹤到一些原本是雨林的土地現已變為黃豆田,以供應動物飼料生產業者,而這些業者販售的飼料則供應給麥當勞上游的雞肉商,用來加工製成麥克雞塊等產品。

為了讓他們的訴求更有戲劇效果,6日早上在英國有十多隻7英呎高的「雞」闖入數家麥當勞,並把牠們自己栓在椅子上。許多麥當勞分店,包括倫敦的萊斯特廣場分店,一夜之間都被貼上麥當勞叔叔手持電鋸的海報。在德國慕尼黑,抗議者聚集在麥當勞歐洲環境事務總部,並且要求該公司停止破壞亞馬遜雨林。

綠色和平組織全球森林保護協調員愛德華茲表示:「像麥當勞這樣的速食業巨人正糟蹋亞馬遜流域──就只爲了便宜的肉品。你每買一塊麥克雞塊,可能就等於咬掉一口亞馬遜森林。」

為了對付破壞亞馬遜雨林的新威脅,綠色和平組織秘密完成了一項長達一年的調查,揭發亞馬遜流域的全球黃豆貿易情況,並將調查所得寫成名叫《吃掉亞馬遜》的最新報告。

對此,英國的麥當勞公司已有所回應,證實他們「將著手全面調查綠色和平組織提出的訴求,並將檢討我們的作業流程是否確實符合本公司的當前政策:牛肉來源的任何一個環節都不會和森林砍伐區域有關。」該公司又表示:「英國麥當勞大部分的食材都來自英國和愛爾蘭。在2005年超過1萬7千名英國和愛爾蘭農夫供應本公司各項材料。」

綠色和平組織則表示有紀錄證據可證明,亞馬遜流域農田所生產的黃豆連同其他非亞馬遜黃豆從巴西聖塔倫出口到歐洲。綠色和平組織說:「控制歐洲大部分黃豆市場的美國三大商業巨人,ADM(Archer Daniels-Midland)、邦基(Bunge)與嘉吉(Cargill)公司,正加速破壞雨林以便種植供給歐洲肉品動物的飼料。」

想得知綠色和平組織線上的「黃豆犯罪檔案」請點這裡

而完整的「吃光亞馬遜流域」報告請點這裡

Greenpeace Links McDonald's With Amazon Destruction
LONDON, UK, April 6, 2006 (ENS)

巴西雨林開墾被成黃豆田Greenpeace today accused McDonald's of destroying the Amazon rainforest. Using satellite images, aerial surveillance, previously unreleased government documents, and on-the-ground monitoring, Greenpeace says it has traced soya grown on land that once was rainforest to an animal feed producer whose chickens are processed into Chicken McNuggets and other McDonald's products.

To dramatize their claim, this morning dozens of seven foot tall chickens invaded McDonald's restaurants across the UK and chained themselves to chairs. Scores of McDonald's around the country, including Leicester Square, London, were also fly-posted overnight with images of Ronald McDonald wielding a chainsaw. In Munich, Germany, protestors also gathered at McDonald's European environmental affairs headquarters and called on the company to stop destroying the Amazon rainforest.

Greenpeace forests campaign co-ordinator, Gavin Edwards, said, "Fast food giants like McDonald's are trashing the Amazon for cheap meat. Every time you buy a Chicken McNugget you could be taking a bite out of the Amazon."

As part of a new campaign to tackle the latest threat to the Amazon, Greenpeace has completed a year-long undercover investigation into the global trade in Amazon soya. The findings were published in a new report, "Eating up the Amazon."

McDonald's UK responded by confirming that the company "will be investigating the claim made by Greenpeace in full and will review it for consistency in line with our existing policy not to source beef from recently deforested areas." "McDonald's in the UK sources the majority of its food from the UK and Ireland," the company said. "In 2005, over 17,000 British and Irish farmers supplied the company with ingredients."

Greenpeace says it has documentary evidence that proves the soya from Amazon farms is exported from Santarém, Brazil to Europe, along with non-Amazon soya. "Three U.S. commodities giants, Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge and Cargill, which control most of Europe's soya market, are fueling the rainforest destruction to grow feed for animals in Europe," Greenpeace said.

The Greenpeace Amazon Soya Crime File is online here.

The full report "Eating up the Amazon," is found here.