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跨歐亞非水鳥溼地保育計劃正式啟動

2006年11月30日
ENS英國,康橋報導;倪宏坤、林盈秀、謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

紫鷺在南非溼地(圖片來源:SAhotspots)從非洲南端到格陵蘭北部,是許多飛越歐、非兩塊大陸遷徙水鳥的重要棲息地,保育團體聯盟與聯合國機構最新一項合作計劃的主要目標,即是對這些區域採取保育行動。花費1200萬美元的「飛越溼地計畫」,是歐亞非地區有史以來最大的國際性溼地與水鳥保育計畫。號召此計畫的團體,國際鳥盟(BirdLife International)與國際溼盟(Wetlands International),將與12個國家的當地夥伴合作。

飛越溼地計畫在11月20日熱烈展開,重點將放在增加座標測量來保護重要棲地的連結與資訊,而這些棲地是許多受到威脅的水鳥所賴以維生的地方。「在候鳥的眼中沒有區域的分別,因此要成功保育他們的重要棲息地,需要加強國家、地方與國際間保育組織,以及地方社群的合作。」飛越溼地計畫顧問詹德理(Edoardo Zandri)說。

「歐亞非水鳥協定」中有一項特別的飛航路徑保育計畫,所涵蓋的範圍包括整個歐亞非地區。此協定是目前聯合國最重要的野生動物遷徙物種保育公約――波昂公約最大的分支,協定中將全面保育遷徙物種的棲息地,包括陸地、海洋,和天空。

飛越溼地計畫意欲沿著飛航路徑全程培育國際合作,並建立監測與保育系統,以在所選的12個國家的溼地保育中,作最佳的應用。12個將同步進行監測計畫的國家中共有11個示範站點,這些國家是:愛沙尼亞、立陶宛、匈牙利、土耳其、毛里塔尼亞、塞內加爾、岡比亞、尼日、南非、尼日利亞、坦尚尼亞和葉門,計畫中的溼地範圍從匈牙利Biharugra的Fishponds一直到南非的Wakkerstoom溼地。

計畫區域內另外9個重要溼地將直接受惠於2007至2010年的4年計畫。飛越溼地計畫的一部分成果將建立全新的線上資訊入口,並加強跨大陸的遷徙鳥類路徑的可靠訊息。

相關網站:
Wetlands International
Birdlife International
African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement

Wings over Wetlands Project Takes Flight
CAMBRIDGE, UK, November 27, 2006 (ENS)

From the southern tip of Africa to northern Greenland, conservation of critical areas needed by migrating waterbirds flying across continents is the aim of a new project created by a coalition of conservation organizations and UN agencies. The US$12 million Wings over Wetlands Project is the largest international wetland and waterbird conservation initiative ever to take place in the African-Eurasian region. Leading conservation groups BirdLife International and Wetlands International will coordinate with local partners in 12 countries.

Launched November 20, the Wings over Wetlands Project will focus on enhancing information and coordinating measures to conserve the critical network of sites on which many threatened waterbirds depend.“Migrating birds see no borders. Conserving them and their critical habitats may only be achieved through improved collaboration between national governments, local and international conservation organizations and local communities,” said Edoardo Zandri, chief technical advisor for the Wings Over Wetlands project.

The unique flyway-scale conservation project will cover the entire African-Eurasian area as defined in the African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement, AEWA. This waterbird conservation agreement is the largest of its kind developed so far under the UN Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, also known as CMS or the Bonn Convention. The treaty aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range.

The project is intended to help foster international collaboration along entire flyways and aims to build capacity for monitoring and conservation and demonstrate best practice in the conservation and wise use of wetlands in the 12 countries selected. The project will synchronize 11 demonstration site projects in 12 countries - Estonia, Lithuania, Hungary, Turkey, Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Niger, South Africa, Nigeria, Tanzania and Yemen. These 11 important wetland areas range from the Biharugra's Fishponds in Hungary to the Wakkerstoom Wetlands in South Africa.

An additional nine critical wetland areas throughout the region will directly benefit from the four year project which runs from 2007 through 2010. As part of its work, Wings Over Wetlands will create a new online information portal that is intended as an improved source of reliable information on migratory flight paths across the continents.

On the Web:
Wetlands International
Birdlife International
African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement