會議為四個相關協議打下基礎：國際貨物邊境管制協調公約（International Convention on the harmonization of frontier controls of goods）、亞洲公路網政府間協定（Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network）、泛亞鐵路網政府間協定（Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Railway Network）和陸港政府間協定（Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports）。
聯合國職務協助管理秘書（under-secretary-general）和最低度開發國家、內陸開發中國家及小島嶼開發中國家高級代表（high representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States）Gyan Acharya說，全世界有12億交通運輸工具，但卻有10億人沒有運輸工具可用。
The first-ever Global Sustainable Transport Conference concluded Sunday in the Central Asian country of Turkmenistan with sustainable transport welded into the United Nations global sustainable development agenda, showing that to be sustainable, transport must be a shared global task.
At the two-day conference in Ashgabat, stakeholders from governments, the United Nations system and other international organizations, the private sector and civil society engaged in a dialogue on the integrated and cross-cutting nature of transport and its multiple roles in supporting achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told the delegates, “Sustainable transport has to answer to the needs of those who have the least. When it does, we can bridge more than physical distances; we can come closer as one human family.”
The two-day conference was attended by three Heads of State, one Head of Government, six Deputy Prime Ministers, two Foreign Ministers, 42 Ministers and Vice-Ministers of transport and infrastructure. Some 200 business and civil society representatives, along with representatives of over 20 intergovernmental organisations and the UN entities participated in the event.
During the conference, Turkmenistan deposited instruments of accession to four agreements: the International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Control of Goods, the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network, the Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Railway Network, and the Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports. These conventions and agreement are intended to facilitate transport, which will contribute to the improved well-being of millions of people.
“There is a consensus emerging from the discussion,” said UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Wu Hongbo at the final press conference on the results of the two-day gathering.
“Simply put, without sustainable transport, there will be no lasting progress on climate action; without sustainable transport, there will be no lasting progress on the Sustainable Development Goals,” he said.
“Sustainable transport solutions are key to leaving no one behind, securing economic prosperity, enabling access to services and protecting the environment.”
Wu said that “special consideration” is needed for developing countries and countries in special situations – least developed countries, landlocked developing countries, and small island developing states.
All these countries face difficulties linked to transit, inadequate transport infrastructure, missing links, limited capacities, traffic-related air pollution and road fatalities.
On the other hand, said Wu, these countries have an enormous potential for sustainable development.
Regional cooperation, international support, and focused investments can connect their populations and economies both domestically and globally the way that the whole world would benefit while leaving no one behind.
Wu stressed the need for integration across road, rail, aviation, ferry and maritime modes, and said these different sectors need to start working together.
Gyan Acharya, UN under-secretary-general and high representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States said there are 1.2 billion vehicles in the world, yet one billion people lack transportation.
“It is difficult for countries in special situations to secure investment and partnerships to support sustainable transport and transit solutions while staying on course to meet Paris Agreement on climate change targets,” he told delegates, emphasizing the need for enhanced and strengthened global partnerships to complement national efforts and regional collaboration.
While sustainable transport can drive inclusive growth, create jobs, reduce poverty, open markets, empower women and help secure the well-being of other vulnerable groups, there is a human side beyond economics, said the UN secretary-general
Sustainable transport is out of reach for too many rural communities, millions of persons with disabilities could not use public transportation because it was inaccessible and older persons struggled to move from one place to the next, said Ban.
“Even where transport is available, it may not be safe, especially for women and girls, who often rightly fear they may be attacked,” he said.
To address these and related concerns, Ban proposed the adoption of a broad view aimed at resolving interlocking problems of transport with an integrated policy framework that aligns with the Sustainable Development Goals while emphasizing safety, the environment and health.
Financing is essential, he said, as it takes investments to see results, and all partners must be mobilized by putting people at the center of transport planning and by working together.
A final compilation of initiatives, voluntary commitments and partnerships will be posted on the Conference website, as will the Ashgabat Statement on Commitments and Policy Recommendations of the Global Sustainable Transport Conference.