歐洲公民倡議（European Citizens’ Initiative, ECI）的「終結籠飼時代」（End the Cage Age）運動獲得歐盟超過140萬人和170個組織的支持，作為回應，歐盟執委會已同意在歐洲逐步淘汰農場動物籠飼。
農場到餐桌戰略（Farm to Fork Strategy）是歐洲綠色政綱的核心內容，目的在使糧食系統更公平、健康和環保。歐盟正在根據農場到餐桌戰略修訂動物福利相關法律，現在新提案也將被納入修法。
The European Commission has agreed to phase out cages for farmed animals across Europe in response to the “End the Cage Age,” campaign of a European Citizens’ Initiative, ECI, supported by over 1.4 million people and 170 organizations across the European Union.
In its reply to the ECI, the Commission has set out plans for a legislative proposal by 2023 to phase out and finally prohibit cages for many farm animals not protected by the current rules that cover only laying hens, broilers, sows and calves.
The Commission’s legislative proposal will cover animals the ECI has campaigned to uncage: rabbits, pullets, layer breeders, broiler breeders, quail, ducks and geese. For these animals and birds, the Commission has already asked European Food Safety Authority to add to the existing scientific evidence to determine the conditions needed for the prohibition of cages.
The proposal will also consider animals already covered by existing rules.
Since an end to cages will require changes to current farming systems, the Commission will consider the socio-economic and environmental implications of the measures to be taken and the benefits to animal welfare in an impact assessment to be completed before the end of 2022. A public consultation will be carried out by early 2022.
The Commission will assess the feasibility of working towards the proposed legislation entering into force from 2027.
Janusz Wojciechowski of Poland, Commissioner for Agriculture, said, “A sustainable food system cannot exist without high animal welfare standards. Thanks to our citizens, the Commission will be even more ambitious in this regard and phase out the use of cage systems for animal farms.”
“The Green Deal and its Farm to Fork Strategy, supported by the new Common Agricultural Policy, will be crucial in the transition to sustainable food systems,” Wojciechowski said. “This citizens’ initiative only confirms that this transition also responds to a societal demand for more ethical and sustainable farming.”
The proposal will come as part of the ongoing revision of the EU’s animal welfare legislation under the Farm to Fork Strategy. This Strategy is at the heart of the European Green Deal. It aims to make food systems fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly.
Ethical Farming ‘High Priority’ for European Commission
The Commission called the ECI’s campaign, “a demand for a transition to more ethical and sustainable farming systems, including a revision of existing EU animal welfare rules.”
“Responding to this societal demand is a high priority for the Commission, in line with its commitments in the Farm to Fork Strategy and the European Green Deal,” said the Commission, which is the executive branch of the EU government.
The Commission has already committed to proposing a revision of the animal welfare legislation, including on transport and rearing, to be finalized by the summer of 2022.
To facilitate a balanced and economically viable transition to cage-free farming, the Commission will seek supporting measures in key related policy areas, such as trade and research and innovation.
In particular, the new Common Agricultural Policy will provide financial support and incentives to help farmers upgrade to more animal-friendly facilities in line with the new standards.
The provisional political agreement reached June 25 by the European Parliament and Council on the new Common Agricultural Policy, CAP, introduces a fairer, greener, more animal friendly and flexible CAP.
The Commission will also ensure that additional financial resources are made available to support farmers in the transition to cage-free systems.