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「1000座水井」計劃 協助達佛解決衝突

2007年07月26日
摘譯自2007年7月23日ENS美國,麻州,波士頓報導;謝芳怡編譯;蔡麗伶審校

非洲農民被摧毀的村莊,科學家期望建設地下水資源,協助地區的和平安全。圖片來源:U.S. State Dept.科學家在蘇丹達佛地區的沙丘下,發掘到一座面積相當於伊利湖的地下湖泊,這座最新勘測到的水源,可能有助於緩和遊牧阿拉伯人和非洲農民之間的衝突,從2003年至今,兩個族群間的衝突行為已導致超過20萬人死亡、至少400萬人受到影響。

以達佛北部所發現的這座「超級湖泊」所在地為基礎,波士頓大學遙測中心主任艾巴茲與蘇丹總統巴歇爾在上個月雙方進行會晤後,發起一項將水資源帶到達佛地區的的最新人道計劃。

這項名為「達佛的1000座水井」計劃,目的是建設新的地下水資源,協助該地區實現和平和經濟安全。

華府「拯救達佛聯盟」指出,治安狀況在達佛地區持續惡化,造成2006年40萬人被迫遷離,因此該地區非常需要新的水資源來解緩衝突問題。

水源問題從蘇丹開始蔓延到查德和中非共和國,近400萬人受到影響,而將近4分之1的民眾因為局勢的不穩定,無法取得人道協助。

「達佛的1000座水井」計劃的下一步,是確定挖鑿水井的最好地點。

Thousand Wells for Darfur Follows Discovery of Ancient Lake
BOSTON, Massachusetts, July 23, 2007 (ENS)

位於達佛北部的「超級湖泊」。地圖來源:BU Center for Remote SensingAn underground lake the size of Lake Erie has been discovered beneath the windblown sands of Sudan's Darfur region. The newly mapped water source may help to alleviate the conflict between Arab nomads and the African farming population that has killed more than 200,000 people and affected at least four million others since 2003.

Based on location of the Northern Darfur Mega-lake, a new humanitarian initiative to bring water resources to the region has been launched by the government of Sudan following a meeting last month between El-Baz and Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir.

Called "1,000 Wells for Darfur," the plan aims to create new groundwater resources to help establish peace and economic security in the region.

The new water resource is sorely needed in Darfur where the security situation continues to deteriorate displacing more than 400,000 people in the last year, according to the Washington-based Save Darfur Coalition.

Four million people are now affected by the crisis, which has spread from Sudan into Chad and the Central African Republic, and almost a quarter of these people cannot get humanitarian assistance because of insecurity.

The next step for the 1,000 Wells for Darfur project is the identification of the best locations for drilling of the initial wells.

全文及圖片詳見ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance's planet.