專家呼籲 重視生態系的經濟價值 | 台灣環境資訊協會-環境資訊中心

專家呼籲 重視生態系的經濟價值

2009年11月18日
摘譯自2009年11月16日ENS比利時,布魯塞爾報導;王茹涵編譯;蔡麗伶審校

瑪雅生物保護圈(Mikel Omeyokan 攝)根據一份聯合國背書的報告指出,在21世紀,各國決策者將地球價值數兆美元的生態系服務納入其國家及國際投資策略時,很可能會得到更高投資報酬率與更強勁的經濟增長。

這份報告是由聯合國環境規劃署主持的「生態系暨生物多樣性倡議計畫」 (TEEB)所出版。該報告建議決策者在生態系永續管理和重建等方面加速並擴大投資。這份報告是世界 100多名科學家、經濟學家和政策專家的心血結晶。

TEEB的首席研究員蘇克德夫(Pavan Sukhdev)表示,「大自然多元和複雜的生態價值,對人類福祉及公共、私人開支有直接的經濟影響。認知並回饋自然環境賜予人類社會的這些價值是政策首要之務。」

13日在布魯塞爾的記者會上,蘇克德夫表示,「目前主流的經濟模式越來越抹煞了生態系和生物多樣性的經濟價值。這種以消費導向、以生產為動力、以GDP為衡量方式的經濟模型區要大幅度改革。」我們正面臨包含能源、糧食,金融與經濟的多重危機,這些危機正提醒我們改革的必要。」

他也表示,「現在要看我們的政府是否提供財務或其他誘因,將我們從短期的機會主義引導為長程的自然守護者。正確的政策,可以幫助我們實現一個資源有效的經濟。」

這份報告指出,「我們一直低估了,自然界的損耗造成的直接經濟影響。提高自然資本對於經濟和社會的可見度,是為更聚焦、更具成本效益的解決方案打好基礎。」

Valuing Ecosystem Services Makes Economic Sense, Experts Report
BRUSSELS, Belgium, November 16, 2009 (ENS)

Decision makers who factor the planet's multi-trillion dollar ecosystem services into their national and international investment strategies are likely to see far higher rates of return and stronger economic growth in the 21st century, finds a new United Nations-backed report.

Prepared by The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity, TEEB, an initiative hosted by the UN Environment Programme, the report advises policy makers to accelerate, scale up and embed investments in the sustainable management and restoration of ecosystems.

More than 100 science, economics and policy experts from around the world contributed to the TEEB for Policy Makers Report.

"Nature's multiple and complex values have direct economic impacts on human well-being and public and private spending. Recognizing and rewarding the value delivered to society by the natural environment must become a policy priority," said Pavan Sukhdev, who serves as TEEB's study leader.

At a news conference in Brussels Friday, Sukdev said, "The economic invisibility of ecosystems and biodiversity is increased by our dominant economic model, which is consumption-led, production-driven, and GDP-measured. This model is in need of significant reform. The multiple crises we are experiencing - fuel, food, finance, and the economy - serve as reminders of the need for change."

"It is now up to governments to provide fiscal or other incentives to move us from short-term opportunism to long-term stewardship," he said. "The right policies can help us move toward a resource efficient economy."

"Losses in the natural world have direct economic repercussions that we systematically underestimate. Making the value of our natural capital visible to economies and society creates an evidence base to pave the way for more targeted and cost-effective solutions," the report states.

全文及圖片詳見:ENS