這份報告是由聯合國環境規劃署主持的「生態系暨生物多樣性倡議計畫」 (TEEB)所出版。該報告建議決策者在生態系永續管理和重建等方面加速並擴大投資。這份報告是世界 100多名科學家、經濟學家和政策專家的心血結晶。
Decision makers who factor the planet's multi-trillion dollar ecosystem services into their national and international investment strategies are likely to see far higher rates of return and stronger economic growth in the 21st century, finds a new United Nations-backed report.
Prepared by The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity, TEEB, an initiative hosted by the UN Environment Programme, the report advises policy makers to accelerate, scale up and embed investments in the sustainable management and restoration of ecosystems.
More than 100 science, economics and policy experts from around the world contributed to the TEEB for Policy Makers Report.
"Nature's multiple and complex values have direct economic impacts on human well-being and public and private spending. Recognizing and rewarding the value delivered to society by the natural environment must become a policy priority," said Pavan Sukhdev, who serves as TEEB's study leader.
At a news conference in Brussels Friday, Sukdev said, "The economic invisibility of ecosystems and biodiversity is increased by our dominant economic model, which is consumption-led, production-driven, and GDP-measured. This model is in need of significant reform. The multiple crises we are experiencing - fuel, food, finance, and the economy - serve as reminders of the need for change."
"It is now up to governments to provide fiscal or other incentives to move us from short-term opportunism to long-term stewardship," he said. "The right policies can help us move toward a resource efficient economy."
"Losses in the natural world have direct economic repercussions that we systematically underestimate. Making the value of our natural capital visible to economies and society creates an evidence base to pave the way for more targeted and cost-effective solutions," the report states.